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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 20 No. 4, p. 759-762
    Received: Jan 31, 1991

    * Corresponding author(s):
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Soil Adsorption of Neutral and Anionic Forms of a Sulfonamide Herbicide, Flumetsulam

  1. D. D. Fontaine *,
  2. R. G. Lehmann and
  3. J. R. Miller
  1. North American Environ. Chemistry Laboratory, 9001 Building, DowElanco, Midland, MI 48641-1706.



The binding of a weakly acidic herbicide (N-2, 6-difluorophenyl-5-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo(1,5a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide) to soil is presented as an ionization of the weak acid in solution, and the partitioning of both the anionic and neutral forms of the compound into the soil organic matter. This theoretical description is combined with experimentally determined bulk adsorption constants to give the organic C adsorption constants (Koc) for neutral (650 ± 40 L kg–1) and anionic (12 ± 1 L kg–1) forms of the molecule. Additional experiments with four soils adjusted to different pH levels gave an average Koc of 750 L kg±1 for the neutral form. Describing the soil sorption as a combination of anionic and neutral forms provided an adequate description of the measured sorption.

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