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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 21 No. 3, p. 373-377
     
    Received: Sept 18, 1991


    * Corresponding author(s):
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doi:10.2134/jeq1992.00472425002100030011x

Washoff of Ultra-Low-Volume-Oil-Applied Insecticides from Cotton Plants as a Function of Time between Application and Rainfall

  1. G.H. Willis *,
  2. L.L. McDowell,
  3. L.M. Southwick and
  4. S. Smith
  1. USDA-ARS Soil and Water Res. Unit, 4115 Gourrier Ave., Baton Rouge, LA 70808;
    USDA-ARS National Sedimentation Laboratory, P.O. Box 1157, Oxford, MS 38665.

Abstract

Abstract

Model development for predicting the movement of foliar-applied pesticides depends on being able to characterize the dynamics of pesticide disappearance from plants, including washoff by rainfall. This study was conducted to determine the effect of elapsed time between spray application and initial rainfall on pesticide washoff from foliage. Methyl parathion [0, 0-dimethyl,0-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate] and fenvalerate [(RS)-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (RS)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutyrate] were applied in oil by rotary-atomizer controlled-droplet applicators to mature cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plants. Simulated rainfall (51 mm in 1 h) was applied to the plants at different times after insecticide application to determine washoff characteristics for both compounds. Residues of both insecticides became increasingly resistant to washoff with increasing time interval between pesticide application and initial rainfall. The mean amounts of both insecticides washed from the plants (i) were related to the square of the mean insecticide loads on the plants and (ii) decreased exponentially with time.

In cooperation with the Louisiana Agric. Exp. Stn., Louisiana State Univ. Agric. Center, and the Mississippi Agric. and Forestry Exp. Stn.

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