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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Rates of Aluminum Dissolution in Acid Sandy Soils Observed in Column Experiments


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 21 No. 3, p. 439-447
    Received: July 8, 1991

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Hans J.M. van Grinsven *,
  2. Willem H. van Riemsdijk,
  3. René Otjes and
  4. Nico van Breemen
  1. Netherlands Energy Foundation, P.O. Box 1, 1755 ZG Petten, the Netherlands;



Soil weathering rates were estimated in small, packed soil columns in a controlled chemical environment. Cumulative leaching was described with a simple three-parameter model, easing interpolation and extrapolation of experimental data. Dissolution of Al was the main buffering process in samples from two acid forest soils, viz. a Dystrochrept and Udipsamment. Aluminum-leaching was associated with the presence of “free” Al-oxides, which consist mainly of hydrated oxides of Al. The importance of dissolution of Al-oxides was also indicated by the effect of temperature on the solubility and dissolution rate of Al. Dissolution rates of Al decreased exponentially with Al depletion from the soil sample (mol/kg) and on average increased with (H+)0.7. Depletion of reactive Al-oxides in forest soils as a result of acid atmospheric deposition may be a future environmental problem.

Research sponsored by Dutch Priority Programme on Acidification.

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