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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 23 No. 3, p. 487-493
    Received: Aug 26, 1992

    * Corresponding author(s):
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Mass Flow of a Volatile Organic Liquid Mixture in Soils

  1. Z. Gerstl *,
  2. Ts. Galin and
  3. B. Yaron
  1. Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel.



The flow of kerosene, a volatile organic liquid mixture (VOLM), was studied in loam and clay soils and in a medium sand. The kerosene residual capacity and conductivity were determined for all three media at different initial moisture contents and with kerosene of different compositions. The kerosene conductivity of the soil was found to be strongly influenced by the soil texture and initial moisture content as well as by the kerosene composition. The kerosene conductivity of the sand was two orders of magnitude greater than that of the soils and was unaffected by initial moisture contents as high as field capacity. The kerosene conductivity of the loam soil was similar in oven dry and air dry soils, but increased significantly in soils at 70% and full field capacity due to the Yuster effect. In the clay soil the kerosene conductivity of the air dry soil was four times that of the oven dry soil and increased somewhat in the soil at 70% field capacity. No kerosene flow was observed in the oven dry soil at full field capacity. The differences in kerosene conductivity in these soils and the effect of moisture content were attributed to the different pore-size distributions of the soils. Changes in the composition of the kerosene due to volatilization of the light fractions resulted in increased viscosity of the residual kerosene. This increased viscosity affected the fluid properties of kerosene, which resulted in decreased kerosene conductivity in the sand and the soils.

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