About Us | Help Videos | Contact Us | Subscriptions
 

Abstract

 

This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 25 No. 3, p. 566-571
     
    Received: Dec 2, 1994


    * Corresponding author(s): steveks@ksu.ksu.edu
 View
 Download
 Alerts
 Permissions
Request Permissions
 Share

doi:10.2134/jeq1996.00472425002500030023x

Movement of Pesticides under Two Irrigation Regimes Applied to Turfgrass

  1. S. K. Starrett *,
  2. N. E. Christians and
  3. T. Al Austin
  1. Civil Eng. Dep., Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506;

Abstract

Abstract

Current public concern has focused attention on the environmental effects of chemical applications to turfgrass areas. Our objective was to investigate the movement of isazofos ([O-[5-chloro-1-(1-methylethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]O,O-diethyl phosphorothioate]), chlorpyrifos ([0,0-diethyl-0-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl) phosphorothioate]), metalaxyl [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-(methoxyacetyl) alanine methyl ester], and pendimethalin [N-(1-ethylpropyl)-3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzenamine] when applied to Kentucky bluegrass turf established on 50-cm long and 20-cm diameter undisturbed soil columns of Nicollet (fine-loamy, mixed, mesic Aquic Hapludolls) in which the macropore system remained intact. This study was conducted for 28 d and used a heavy (four, 2.54-cm applications) and a light (16, 0.64-cm applications) irrigation regime. Average isazofos, chlorpyrifos, metalaxyl, and pendimethalin recovered (by extraction) from soil columns under the heavy irrigation regime, plus that collected in the leachate, were 8.8, 11.5, 23.8, and 7.9%, respectively. Isazofos, chlorpyrifos, metalaxyl, and pendimethalin recovery from soil columns under the light irrigation regime, plus that collected in the leachate, averaged 3.4, 6.6, 13.9, and 4.6%, respectively. On average, 6.3, 0.5, 7.7, and 0.2% of the applied isazofos, chlorpyrifos, metalaxyl, and pendimethalin, respectively, were measured in leachate from soil columns under heavy irrigation in contrast to 0.4, 0.0, 0.2, and 0.0%, respectively, from soil columns under light irrigation. Comparing the four applied pesticides, metalaxyl is most likely to be leached because of a low soil sorption, followed by isazofos, pendimethalin, and chlorpyrifos. Metalaxyl was found in the highest percentage in the leachate followed by isazofos, pendimethalin, and chlorpyrifos. From this research, we conclude that irrigation practices (frequency and depth of application) can have an impact on the movement of pesticides through soil profiles.

Published as Journal Paper No. J-16110 of the Iowa Agric. and Home Econ. Exp. Stn. Ames, IA. Project No. 3149.

  Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.

Copyright © .