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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Prediction of Cesium-134 and Strontium-85 Crop Uptake Based on Soil Properties

 

This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 26 No. 5, p. 1354-1362
     
    Received: Nov 26, 1996


    * Corresponding author(s): miquelv@zeus.qui.ub.es
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doi:10.2134/jeq1997.00472425002600050022x
  1. M. C. Roca,
  2. V. R. Vallejo,
  3. M. Roig,
  4. J. Tent,
  5. M. Vidal * and
  6. G. Rauret
  1. Departament de Biologia Vegetal. Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Departament de Química Analítica. Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Abstract

Nowadays, there is still the need to improve the quantification of parameters that affect radionuclide mobility. With this aim, radiocesium and radiostrontium soil-to-plant transfer was measured in lysimeters in a Calcic Luvisol, loamy soil and in a Fluvisol, loam-sandy soil, using lettuce [Lactuca sativa L. cv. Kinemontepas] and pea plants [Pisum sativum L. cv. Kelvedon Wonder]. Weighted Concentration Ratios (WCR), expressed as kg soil/kg plant, were calculated for different growth stages. Weighted Concentration Ratios were in general higher for 85Sr than for 134Cs, and also higher in the loam-sandy than in the loamy soil. To predict plant uptake, we evaluated a set of soil properties to define a prediction factor for the relative transfer in the two soils using cation exchange capacity (CEC) and radionuclide available fraction (fav)for radiostrontium, and soil solution composition, solid-liquid distribution coefficient, and radionuclide available fraction for radiocesium. The ratios of WCR in the loam-sandy and loamy soil were compared with the prediction factor. There was good agreement in lettuce for 85Sr (ratio of WCR was 5.4 for seedling and 3.9 for commercial samples, whereas prediction factor was 3.1) and for 134Cs (ratio of WCR was 5.1 for seedling and 5.5 for commercial samples, the prediction factor being 5.1), although for pea only the relative root uptake of radiocesium in seedling pea was well predicted (the ratio of WCR was 8.8, the prediction factor being 9.1). These soil parameters improved former predictions based solely on the fav, although factors depending on plant physiology should be better evaluated.

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