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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 28 No. 6, p. 1719-1726
     
    Received: Oct 20, 1997


    * Corresponding author(s): Ravi.Naidu@adl.clw.csiro.au
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doi:10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800060005x

Chemistry of Arsenic in Soils: I. Sorption of Arsenate and Arsenite by Four Australian Soils

  1. E. Smith,
  2. R. Naidu * and
  3. A. M. Alston
  1. CRC for Soil and Land Management, Dep. of Soil Science, Univ. of Adelaide, Private Mail Bag No. 1, Glen Osmond, Adelaide, SA 5064;
    CRC for Soil and Land Management, Private Mail Bag No. 2, Glen Osmond, Adelaide, SA 5064; CSIRO Land and Water, Private Mail Bag No. 2, Glen Osmond, Adelaide, SA 5064;
    Dep. of Soil Science, Univ. of Adelaide Private Mail Bag No. 1, Glen Osmond, Adelaide, SA 5064.

Abstract

Abstract

Ten soils varying widely in chemistry and mineralogy were used to examine the physical and chemical properties that influence As sorption processes in soils. The sorption of As was measured using a batch technique with Asv and AsIII concentrations added in background solutions of NaNO3 (0.003–0.3 mol L−1) and a range of pH values (2.0–8.5). The soils generally sorbed more Asv than AsIII at equivalent As concentrations. In general, highly oxidic soils sorbed three times more Asv than soils containing small amounts of oxidic minerals. The effect of pH on As sorption varied considerably among the soils. In soils with low concentrations of oxidic minerals, increasing pH had little affect on the amount of Asv sorbed while in highly oxidic soils, sorption of Asv decreased with increasing pH. This decrease was attributed to two interacting factors, the increasing negative surface potential on the plane of sorption and increasing amount of negatively charged Asv species present in soil solution. In contrast to Asv, sorption of AsIII increased with increasing pH. The effect of ionic strength on As sorption varied between the As species. In general, there was a pH (∼3) below which Asv sorption decreased with increasing ionic strength and above which the reverse occurred. For AsIII species, increasing ionic strength had little effect on the amount of As sorbed.

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