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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Mobility of Cadmium-109 and Zinc-65 in Soil Influenced by Equilibration Time, Temperature, and Organic Matter


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 28 No. 6, p. 1742-1750
    Received: Dec 9, 1998

    * Corresponding author(s): asgeir.almas@ijvf.nlh.no
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  1. Å. Almås *,
  2. B. R. Singh and
  3. B. Salbu
  1. Dep. of Soil and Water Sciences, PB 5028, 1432 Aas, Norway.
    Dep. of Chemistry and Biotechnology, PB 5026, 1432 Aas, Norway.



Partitioning of 109Cd and 65Zn fractions in an alum shale soil as affected by time, temperature, and organic matter was investigated. The soil was extracted sequentially by H20 (F1), 1 M NH4OAc at pH 7 (F2), 1 M NH4OAc at pH 5 (F3), 0.04 M NH2OH HCl (F4), 30% H2O2 (F5), and finally by 7 M HNO3 (F6). Sequential extraction of metals was performed on soil samples collected at time intervals ranging from 0.5 to 8760 h (1 yr) after spiking the soil with 109Cd and 65Zn. The soil was placed incipiently in temperature controlled climate chambers at 9, 15, and 21°C. Before spiking, the soil was treated with 0 or 4% organic matter. Adsorption of 109Cd and 65Zn was rapid, but a subsequent slow diffusion of the metals toward chemisorbed fractions was also evident since the 109Cd and 65Zn concentrations decreased in the three mobile fractions (F1–F3) and increased in the inert fractions (F4, F5, F6 and F7) with time. Temperature elevation resulted in decreased concentrations of 109Cd and 65Zn in the F2 and F3 fractions, whereas the concentrations of these metals increased in the inert fractions. In the organic matter-treated soil, 109Cd and 65Zn were increased significantly in the mobile fractions, with a corresponding reduction of 109Cd and 65Zn in the inert fractions. The effect of organic matter was more pronounced at 9°C than at 21°C. The results thus indicate that increasing time and temperature reduce the organic matter-induced mobilization of 109Cd and 65Zn in soil.

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