Metamodeling Potential Nitrate Water Pollution in the Central United States
- JunJie Wu * and
- Bruce A. Babcock
This article presents a modeling system for identifying the spatial patterns of potential water pollution from N fertilizer use in the central USA. The model uses a geographic information system (GIS) and a statistical technique to integrate an environmental process simulation model with spatially referenced databases on crop management and resource characteristics. The potential for NO3-N runoff and leaching was estimated for a total of 128 591 sites using information on soil, climate, crop, rotation, tillage, irrigation, and conservation practices at each site. For the entire study region, the average annual NO3-N runoff and leaching, respectively, were estimated to be 5 and 3 kg ha−1, which accounted for about 7 and 4% of total N applied. The potential for NO3-N runoff was relatively high in much of the Corn Belt, Kansas, and the Nebraska Platte River Basin, and the potential for NO3-N leaching was relatively high in Ohio, Indiana, and southern Illinois and Missouri. Because much of the area with high leaching potential was tile drained, a large portion of the leached NO3-N will be discharged to surface water, rather than continue downward to ground water. Finally, the model was applied to estimate the effects of a 25% reduction in N application rates and adoption of crop rotations on potential NO3-N runoff and leaching.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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