Phosphorus Reactions and Leaching Potential in Soils Amended with Sewage Sludge
- Muhammad Tariq Siddique,
- J. Stephen Robinson * and
- Brian J. Alloway
The objective of this study was to evaluate the leaching potential of P from a range of sewage sludge- or P fertilizer (monocalcium phosphate)-amended topsoils that had different P contents. Leaching trials (70 d) were conducted in 30-cm-long PVC columns; P-related parameters were then determined at different depths in the leached soils. In most cases, more (P < 0.01) P was released from the P-fertilized than sludge-treated soils. Increasing native Olsen P from 15 to 62 mg kg−1 had negligible effect on P release; however, there was a sharp increase in P leached between 92 and 134 (maximum) mg Olsen P kg−1. This increase was much greater in the P-fertilized than sludge-treated soils. At all depths in all leached soils, resin P decreased in the order: P fertilized > sludge > control. At the lowest depth (16–20 cm) of the leached soil, the degree of P sorption saturation decreased in the same order and was related curvilinearly (P < 0.001) to cumulative P leached (at 70 d). This relationship demonstrates the importance of P sorption saturation in controlling P leaching in sludge- and fertilizer-treated soils. The more rapid rate of P saturation and P leaching in P-fertilized than sludge-treated soils emphasizes the role of the P source in adsorption-desorption processes.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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