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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 30 No. 2, p. 369-376
     
    Received: Nov 12, 1999


    * Corresponding author(s): Gunnar.Borjesson@tema.liu.se
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doi:10.2134/jeq2001.302369x

Methane Oxidation in Two Swedish Landfill Covers Measured with Carbon-13 to Carbon-12 Isotope Ratios

  1. Gunnar Börjesson *a,
  2. Jeffrey Chantonb and
  3. Bo H. Svenssona
  1. a Dep. of Water and Environmental Studies, Linköping Univ., SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
    b Dep. of Oceanography, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL 32306-4320

Abstract

The release of methane (CH4) from landfills to the atmosphere and the oxidation of CH4 in the cover soils were quantified with static chambers and a 13C-isotope technique on two landfills in Sweden. One of the landfills had been closed and covered 17 years before this investigation while the other was recently covered. On both landfills, the tops of the landfills were compared with the sloping parts in the summer and winter. Emitted CH4, captured in chambers, was significantly enriched in 13C during summer compared with winter (P < 0.0001), and was enriched relative to anaerobic-zone methane. The difference between emitted and anaerobic zone δ13C–CH4 was used to estimate soil methane oxidation. In summer, these differences ranged from 9 to 26‰, and CH4 oxidation was estimated to be between 41 and 50% of the produced CH4 in the new landfill, and between 60 and 94% in the old landfill. In winter, when soil temperature was below 0°C, no difference in δ13C was observed between emitted and anaerobic-zone CH4, suggesting that there was no soil oxidation. The temperature effect shown in this experiment suggests that there may be both seasonal and latitudinal differences in the importance of landfill CH4 oxidation. Finally the isotopic fractionation factor (α) varied from 1.023 to 1.038 and was temperature dependent, increasing at colder temperatures. Methanotrophic bacteria appeared to have high growth efficiencies and the majority of the methane consumed in incubations did not result in immediate CO2 production.

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Copyright © 2001. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.30:369–376.