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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 30 No. 5, p. 1693-1698
    Received: Dec 15, 2000

    * Corresponding author(s): thdao@anri.barc.usda.gov
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Manure Phosphorus Extractability as Affected by Aluminum- and Iron By-Products and Aerobic Composting

  1. Thanh H. Dao *a,
  2. L. J. Sikoraa,
  3. A. Hamasakib and
  4. R. L. Chaneya
  1. a USDA-ARS, Animal Manure and By-Products Lab., BARC-East, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705
    b Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Takasago, Japan


Shifts in manure phosphorus (P) chemical forms and pool sizes induced by water treatment residuals and industrial mineral by-products are largely undefined. We conducted a manure P fractionation study to determine mechanisms of reduction of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) in poultry manure upon mineral by-product additions. The effects of composting on the P immobilization efficacy of the by-products were determined using laboratory self-heating composting simulators. The mineral by-products included an aluminum-water treatment residual (Al-WTR) and an iron-rich titanium-processing by-product. The noncomposted manure averaged 0.11 g g−1 of total P as DRP forms. The by-products significantly reduced manure DRP, by an average of 39 and 48% in the Al- and the Fe-treated manure, respectively. The by-products also reduced the 0.5 M NH4F–extractable phosphorus (FEP) fraction. Shifts in P forms between FEP and 0.1 M NaOH–extractable phosphorus (SHEP) depended upon the Al and Fe contents of the by-products while the combined FEP + SHEP pool remained constant. Phosphate sorption measurements supported the observations that the Fe-rich by-product was more effective at reducing manure DRP and enhancing the formation of SHEP forms at the expense of FEP than the Al-WTR. Composting had no effect on the efficacy of either by-product to reduce DRP. Potential mechanisms of enhanced P stabilization in treated manure upon composting included chemical shifts from the DRP and FEP fractions to the citrate–bicarbonate–dithionite extractable P fraction. Thus, the choice of P immobilization agents affected the stability of immobilized P forms and should be taken into consideration in developing manure processing and nutrient stabilization methods.

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Copyright © 2001. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.30:1693–1698.