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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 31 No. 1, p. 155-162
     
    Received: Sept 1, 1999
    Published: Jan, 2002


    * Corresponding author(s): evansc@uwp.edu
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doi:10.2134/jeq2002.1550

Natural Uranium and Thorium Distributions in Podzolized Soils and Native Blueberry

  1. L. S. Mortona,
  2. C. V. Evans *b and
  3. G. O. Estesc
  1. a Usda/Nrcs, Durham, Nh 03824-2043
    b Geology Dep., Univ. of Wisconsin-Parkside, Kenosha, WI 53141-2000
    c Dep. of Plant Biology, Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824

Abstract

Plant uptake of radionuclides is one of many vectors for introduction of contaminants into the human food chain. Thus, it is critical to understand soil–plant relationships that control nuclide bioavailability. Our objectives in this study were to (i) determine the extent of U and Th uptake and cycling by blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum Aiton) in native habitat and (ii) identify the soil properties and processes that contribute most to U and Th bioavailability in this system. We collected composite samples of plant leaves and stems, and samples from surface (AE) horizons and from the upper part of the Bs horizon at two sites. Concentration ratios (CRs) for U and Th were calculated for all plant tissues, using both the AE and Bs horizons as the base. Soil concentrations of U ranged from 16 to 25 μg g−1, with a mean of 21.1 μg g−1 Soil concentrations of Th ranged from 14 to 97 μg g−1, with a mean of 41.8 μg g−1 Mean U concentrations were 8.65 × 10−3 μg g−1 in leaf tissue, and 7.95 × 10−3 μg g−1 in stem tissue. Mean Th concentrations were 1.59 × 10−1 μg g−1 in leaf tissue, and 9.10 × 10−2 μg g−1 in stem tissue. Blueberry plants are cycling both U and Th in this system, with Th cycling occurring to a greater extent than U. In addition, Th was translocated preferentially to plant leaves while U concentrations showed little preferential translocation. Uranium uptake, however, seemed more sensitive than Th uptake to soil properties.

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Copyright © 2002. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.31:155–162.