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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 31 No. 2, p. 627-633
     
    Received: Nov 21, 2000


    * Corresponding author(s): Neil_Reese@sdstate.edu
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doi:10.2134/jeq2002.6270

Rhizosphere Acidification and Cadmium Uptake by Strawberry Clover

  1. P. Jauerta,
  2. T. E. Schumacherb,
  3. A. Boeb and
  4. R. N. Reese *a
  1. a Dep. of Biology and Microbiology, South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD 57007
    b Plant Science Dep., South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD 57007

Abstract

Strawberry clover (Trifolium fragiferum L.) is a hardy legume found in indigenous or introduced populations throughout the world. Tolerance to saline and alkaline soils, flooding, and heavy metals make it a good prospect for reclamation projects. The research, described here, was conducted to: (i) characterize the morphological variation in plants from available seed sources, (ii) evaluate cadmium uptake and tolerances over a wide range of morphological variants, and (iii) elucidate the variability in the effects of roots on rhizosphere pH and the relationship to cadmium uptake. Seeds from selected accessions were planted in the greenhouse for comparison of morphological variation. The accessions examined had a mean height of 10.7 ± 7 cm. Accessions 254916 and 237925 are tall with high rhizosphere pH values and might be useful in phytoremediation. Strawberry clover accessions were also grown hydroponically to examine differences in cadmium uptake. The ability of strawberry clover roots to change rhizosphere pH and take up cadmium was examined using culture tubes containing nutrient agar, a moderate level of cadmium, and a pH indicator dye. The results provided evidence for a negative correlation between rhizosphere pH and cadmium uptake.

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Copyright © 2002. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.31:627–633.