About Us | Help Videos | Contact Us | Subscriptions

Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Waste Management

Export of Manure Phosphorus and Nitrogen in Turfgrass Sod


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 31 No. 5, p. 1731-1738
    Received: June 18, 2001

    * Corresponding author(s): dvietor@tamu.edu
Request Permissions

  1. D. M. Vietor *a,
  2. E. N. Griffitha,
  3. R. H. Whitea,
  4. T. L. Provina,
  5. J. P. Muirb and
  6. J. C. Readc
  1. a Soil and Crop Sciences Dep., Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2474
    b Texas A&M University Research and Extension Center, Stephenville, TX 76401
    c Texas A&M University Research and Extension Center, Dallas, TX 75252-6599


Regulatory mandates have increased demand for best management practices (BMPs) that will reduce nutrient loading on watersheds impaired by excess manure P and N. Export of manure P and N in turfgrass sod harvests is one BMP under consideration. This study quantified amounts and percentages of P and N removed in a sod harvest for different rates of manure and inorganic P and N. Six treatments comprised an unfertilized control, two manure rates with and without supplemental inorganic N, and inorganic P and N only. The treatments were applied to ‘Tifway’ bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L. × C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davey), ‘609’ buffalograss [Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.], and ‘Reveille’ bluegrass (Poa arachnifera Torr. × P. pratensis L.) under field conditions. Comparisons among treatments revealed small variations of P and N content in clippings and the plant component of sod, but large variations in the soil component of sod for each turf species. In addition, 2 to 10 times more P and 1.3 to 5 times more N was removed in soil than in plant components of sod for the two manure rates with and without added inorganic N. Percentages of applied P and N in harvested sod were similar for the two manure rates with and without added N for each species, but differed among turf species for each P (46 to 77%) and N (36 to 47%). The large amounts and percentages of manure P and N removed by sod harvest support the feasibility of this BMP in efforts to reduce nutrient loads on watersheds.

  Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.

Copyright © 2002. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.31:1731–1738.