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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Bioremediation and Biodegradation

Characterization of Selenate Removal from Drainage Water Using Rice Straw


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 32 No. 2, p. 441-446
    Received: Apr 21, 2002

    * Corresponding author(s): williamf@orange.ucr.edu
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  1. Yiqiang Zhang and
  2. William T. Frankenberger *
  1. Department of Environmental Sciences, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0424


Removal of selenium (Se) from agricultural drainage water is very important for protecting wildlife in wetland systems. We conducted a series of experiments on selenite [Se(IV)] adsorption and selenate [Se(VI)] reduction to determine Se removal from drainage water amended with 1000 μg/L of Se(VI) or Se(IV) and 5 g of rice (Oryza sativa L.) straw. Under sterile conditions, the added Se(IV) was not adsorbed to the rice straw within 2 d of the experiment and the added Se(VI) was not reduced within 14 d. In contrast, added Se(VI) in a nonsterile rice-straw solution was reduced rapidly, from 930 μg/L at Day 3 to 20 μg/L at Day 5, with an increase in unprecipitated elemental Se [Se(0)] and total Se(0). In the last several days of the experiments, unprecipitated Se(0) was the major Se form in the rice-straw solution, with a small amount of organic Se(−II). This study showed that Se removal from drainage water in the presence of rice straw involves a two-step process. The first is the microbial reduction of Se(VI) to Se(IV) and then to colloidal Se(0). The second is flocculation and precipitation of colloidal Se(0) to the bottom of the experimental flasks and the surface of rice straw.

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Copyright © 2003. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.32:441–446.