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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Waste Management

Swine Effluent Irrigation Rate and Timing Effects on Bermudagrass Growth, Nitrogen and Phosphorus Utilization, and Residual Soil Nitrogen


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 32 No. 2, p. 681-686
    Received: Dec 31, 2001

    * Corresponding author(s): aadeli@ra.msstate.edu
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  1. A. Adeli *a,
  2. J. J. Varcob and
  3. D. E. Rowea
  1. a USDA-ARS, Waste Management and Forage Research Unit, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    b Plant and Soil Sciences Dep., Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762


Maximizing utilization of effluent nutrients by forage grasses requires a better understanding of irrigation rate and timing effects. This study was conducted in 1998 and 1999 on a Vaiden silty clay (very-fine, smectitic, thermic Aquic Dystrudert) soil to determine the effects of swine lagoon effluent irrigation rate and timing on bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] growth, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) recovery, and postseason soil profile NO 3–N. Treatments consisted of swine effluent irrigation at the rates of 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 ha-cm. Two additional treatments included 2.5 ha-cm applied on 1 September and 1 October in addition to a base summer rate of 10 ha-cm. In both years for early to mid-season irrigation, bermudagrass dry matter yield quadratically increased with increasing swine effluent irrigation rates. Averaged across years, effluent irrigation in October resulted in 30% less dry matter than in September. For late-season irrigation, apparent N recovery averaged 59% less and P recovery averaged 46% less with a delay in irrigation from 1 September to 1 October. The greatest quantity of soil NO 3–N was associated with both the greatest effluent rate and October irrigation treatments. Minimal yield benefit was obtained when effluent was applied at rates greater than 10 ha-cm during the summer months. Late-season irrigation, especially after 1 October for areas with similar climatic conditions, should be avoided to maximize synchronization of nutrient availability with maximum growth rates to minimize potential offsite movement of residual soil N and P.

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Copyright © 2003. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.32:681–686.