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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Heavy Metals in the Environment

Copper, Zinc, and Arsenic in Soil Surrounding Douglas-Fir Poles Treated with Ammoniacal Copper Zinc Arsenate (ACZA)


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 32 No. 6, p. 2095-2099
    Received: Nov 26, 2002

    * Corresponding author(s): jeff.morrell@orst.edu
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  1. J. J. Morrell *a,
  2. Donn Keefeb and
  3. Randall T. Baileysc
  1. a Department of Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331
    b Wood Products, Inc., Stone Mountain, GA 30083
    c J.H. Baxter & Co., 85 North Baxter Street, Eugene, OR 97402


The levels of copper, zinc, and arsenic in soil surrounding Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] utility poles treated with ammoniacal copper zinc arsenate (ACZA) were investigated at sites in Florida, Virginia, and New York. Copper levels were elevated near the poles and declined with both horizontal distance away from the pole and depth beneath the soil surface. Zinc levels were also elevated next to the poles, but the levels declined more slowly than did those of copper. Arsenic levels were elevated in soil immediately next to the poles but declined to near background levels farther away. The results indicate that metals can leach from ACZA-treated poles, but do not migrate far in the soil, and thus the levels decline sharply with distance from the poles.

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Copyright © 2003. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA