Adsorption and Desorption of Metolachlor and Metolachlor Metabolites in Vegetated Filter Strip and Cultivated Soil
- L. J. Krutz *a,
- S. A. Sensemana,
- K. J. McInnesa,
- D. W. Hoffmanb and
- D. P. Tierneyc
- a Department of Soil and Crop Science, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2142
b Blackland Research Center, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Temple, TX 76502
c Environmental Stewardship and Regulatory Policy, Syngenta Crop Protection, P.O. Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419
Previous studies have indicated that dissolved-phase metolachlor [2-chloro-N-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-N-(methoxy-1-methylethyl)acetamide] transported in surface runoff is retained by vegetative filter strips to a greater degree than either metolachlor oxanilic acid [2-[(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl)amino]-2-oxoacetic acid] (OA) or metolachlor ethanesulfonic acid [2-[(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl-1)amino]-2-oxoethanesulfonic acid] (ESA), two primary metabolites of metolachlor. Adsorption–desorption of ESA and OA in vegetated filter strip soil (VFSS) has not been evaluated, yet these data are required to assess the mobility of these compounds in VFSS. The objective of this experiment was to compare metolachlor, ESA, and OA adsorption and desorption parameters between VFSS and cultivated soil (CS). Adsorption and desorption isotherms were determined using the batch equilibrium procedure. With the exception of a 1.7-fold increase in organic carbon content in the VFSS, the evaluated chemical and physical properties of the soils were similar. Sorption coefficients for metolachlor were 88% higher in VFSS than in CS. In contrast, sorption coefficients for ESA and OA were not different between soils. Relative to metolachlor, sorption coefficients for ESA and OA were at least 79% lower in both soils. Metolachlor desorption coefficients were 59% higher in the VFSS than in the CS. Desorption coefficients for ESA and OA were not different between soils. Relative to metolachlor, desorption coefficients for ESA and OA were at least 66% lower in both soils. These data indicate that the mobility of ESA and OA will be greater than metolachlor in both soils. However, higher organic carbon content in VFSS relative to CS may limit the subsequent transport of metolachlor from the vegetated filter strip.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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