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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Nutrient Input and Removal Trends for Agricultural Soils in Nine Geographic Regions in Arkansas

 

This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 33 No. 5, p. 1606-1615
     
    Received: Dec 17, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): nslaton@uark.edu
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doi:10.2134/jeq2004.1606
  1. Nathan A. Slaton *a,
  2. Kristofor R. Bryea,
  3. Mike B. Danielsb,
  4. Tommy C. Daniela,
  5. Richard J. Normana and
  6. David M. Millera
  1. a Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, 115 Plant Science Building, Fayetteville, AR 72701
    b University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, P.O. Box 351, Little Rock, AR 72204

Abstract

Knowledge of the balance between nutrient inputs and removals is required for identifying regions that possess an excess or deficit of nutrients. This assessment describes the balance between the agricultural nutrient inputs and removals for nine geographical districts within Arkansas from 1997 to 2001. The total N, P, and K inputs were summed for each district and included inorganic fertilizer and collectable nutrients excreted as poultry, turkey, dairy, and hog manures. Nutrients removed by harvested crops were summed and subtracted from total nutrient inputs to calculate the net nutrient balance. The net balances for N, P, and K were distributed across the hectarage used for row crop, hay, pasture, or combinations of these land uses. Row-crop agriculture predominates in the eastern one-third and animal agriculture predominates in the western two-thirds of Arkansas. Nutrients derived from poultry litter accounted for >92% of the total transportable manure N, P, and K. The three districts in the eastern one-third of Arkansas contained 95% of the row-crop hectarage and had net N and P balances that were near zero or negative. The six districts in the western two-thirds of Arkansas accounted for 89 to 100% of the animal populations, had positive net balances for N and P, and excess P ranged from 1 to 9 kg P ha−1 when distributed across row-crop, hay, and pasture hectarage. Transport of excess nutrients, primarily in poultry litter, outside of the districts in western Arkansas is needed to achieve a balance between soil inputs and removals of P and N.

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Copyright © 2004. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA