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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 33 No. 5, p. 1765-1770
    Received: Nov 12, 2003

    * Corresponding author(s): laird@nstl.gov


Interactions of Chlorpyrifos with Colloidal Materials in Aqueous Systems

  1. Jigang Wua and
  2. David A. Laird *b
  1. a Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (current address: Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041 China)
    b National Soil Tilth Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Ames, IA 50011


An understanding of sorptive processes is key to describing the fate of chlorpyrifos [O,O-diethyl-O-(3, 5, 6-trichloro-2-pyridyl) phosphorothioate] in aquatic environments. The objectives of this study were to evaluate isotherms for adsorption and desorption of chlorpyrifos on colloidal materials and to advance understanding of interaction mechanisms between chlorpyrifos and colloidal materials. Six Ca-saturated reference smectites, one Ca-saturated humic acid (Ca-humate), and one suspended sediment sample, collected from the Upper Cedar River, Iowa, were studied. A batch equilibration technique was employed to quantify adsorption and desorption isotherms for chlorpyrifos over the 0 to 100 μg L−1 concentration range in a 0.01 M CaCl2 background. Large differences in sorption affinity and variation in desorption hysteresis were found among the smectites. Neither chlorpyrifos adsorption nor its desorption were correlated with cation exchange capacity, surface area, or surface charge density of the smectites. The evidence suggests that physical interaction between chlorpyrifos and smectites is the dominant mechanism for adsorption of chlorpyrifos in aqueous systems. Chlorpyrifos was very strongly sorbed on Ca-humate and was not desorbed from the Ca-humate back into the aqueous solution. Chlorpyrifos was moderately sorbed on river sediment, and a large adsorption–desorption hysteresis was also found. The study implies that the nature of both organic and inorganic materials in suspended sediment can influence the adsorption–desorption behavior of chlorpyrifos in aqueous systems.

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