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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Waste Management

Influence of Phytase Addition to Poultry Diets on Phosphorus Forms and Solubility in Litters and Amended Soils


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 33 No. 6, p. 2306-2316
    Received: Jan 15, 2004

    * Corresponding author(s): rory_maguire@ncsu.edu
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  1. R. O. Maguire *a,
  2. J. T. Simsb,
  3. W. W. Saylorc,
  4. B. L. Turnerd,
  5. R. Angele and
  6. T. J. Applegatef
  1. a Department of Soil Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695
    b Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716
    c Department of Animal and Food Science, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716
    d Soil and Water Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611
    e Department of Animal and Avian Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742
    f Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907


Diet modification to decrease phosphorus (P) concentration in animal feeds and manures can reduce surpluses of manure P in areas of intensive animal production. We generated turkey and broiler litters from two and three flock trials, respectively, using diets that ranged from “high” to “low” in non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) and some of which contained feed additives such as phytase. Phosphorus forms in selected litters were analyzed by sequential chemical fractionation and solution 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Selected litters were also incubated with four contrasting soils. Reducing dietary NPP and using phytase decreased total P in litters by up to 38%. Water-soluble phosphorus (WSP) in litters was decreased 21 to 44% by feeding NPP closer to animal requirement, but was not affected by phytase addition. Solution 31P NMR spectroscopy showed that feeding NPP closer to requirement decreased orthophosphate in litters by an average of 38% and that adding phytase to feed did not increase the concentration of orthophosphate in litters. Phytase also decreased phytate P in litters by 25 to 38%, demonstrating that it increases phytate P hydrolysis. Incorporation of litters with soils at the same total P rate increased WSP in soils relative to the control; this increase was correlated to soluble P added with litters at 5 d, but not by 29 d. Changes in soil Mehlich-3 phosphorus (M3-P) were related to total P added in litter, rather than soluble P. We conclude that feeding NPP closer to requirement and using feed additives such as phytase decrease total P concentrations in litters, while having little effect on P solubility in litters and amended soils.

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Copyright © 2004. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA