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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Atmospheric Pollutants and Trace Gases

Lagoon-Biogas Emissions and Carbon Balance Estimates of a Swine Production Facility


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 34 No. 1, p. 198-206
    Received: Feb 25, 2004

    * Corresponding author(s): jayham@ksu.edu
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  1. Tom M. DeSutter and
  2. Jay M. Ham *
  1. Department of Agronomy, Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506


Gaseous emissions from animal manure storage facilities can contribute to global greenhouse gas inventories. Biogas fluxes were measured for one year from a 2-ha anaerobic lagoon that received waste from a 10500-head swine (Sus scrofa) finishing operation in southwestern Kansas. During 2001, ebullition of biogas was measured continuously by using floating platforms equipped with gas-collection domes. Periodically, the composition of the biogas was determined by using gas chromatography. Detailed records of feed quality and quantity and animal weights and gains also were obtained to determine the carbon budget of the facility (barns and lagoon). Flux of biogas was very seasonal, with peak emission (18.7 mol m−2 d−1) occurring in early June. Nearly 50% of the annual biogas losses occurred during a 30-d period beginning on day of year (DOY) 146. Flux patterns suggest that the start of the high biogas production period was governed by temperature, while the decline in production in mid-June was caused by substrate limitations. Average biogas composition was 0.71 L CH4 L−1 The quantity of CH4 released from the lagoon was 86.3 Mg yr−1, which represents about 38 g of CH4 per kg of animal weight gain. The average flux density of biogas from the lagoon was 382 mol m−2 yr−1 or 728 mol yr−1 per resident animal where the resident animal population was 10500. Flux rates of CH4 were 1.7 to 3.4 times less than predictions made with Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) models. Additional research is needed on the carbon budgets of other animal feeding operations so that better estimates of greenhouse gas emissions can be determined.

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