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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 34 No. 6, p. 2018-2023
     
    Received: Nov 15, 2004
    Published: Nov, 2005


    * Corresponding author(s): grant.clark@ualberta.net
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doi:10.2134/jeq2004.0435

Preliminary Investigation of Air Bubbling and Dietary Sulfur Reduction to Mitigate Hydrogen Sulfide and Odor from Swine Waste

  1. O. Grant Clark *,
  2. Brent Morin,
  3. Yongcheng Zhang,
  4. Willem C. Sauer and
  5. John J. R. Feddes
  1. Dep. of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Univ. of Alberta, 4-10 Agriculture and Forestry Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2P5

Abstract

When livestock manure slurry is agitated, the sudden release of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) can raise concentrations to dangerous levels. Low-level air bubbling and dietary S reduction were evaluated as methods for reducing peak H2S emissions from swine (Sus scrofa) manure slurry samples. In a first experiment, 15-L slurry samples were stored in bench-scale digesters and continuously bubbled with air at 0 (control), 5, or 10 mL min−1 for 28 d. The 5-L headspace of each digester was also continuously ventilated at 40 mL min−1 and the mean H2S concentration in the outlet air was <10 μL L−1 On Day 28, the slurry was agitated suddenly. The peak H2S concentration exceeded instrument range (>120 μL L−1) from the control treatment, and was 47 and 3.4 μL L−1 for the 5 and 10 mL min−1 treatments, respectively. In a second experiment, individually penned barrows were fed rations with dietary S concentrations of 0.34, 0.24, and 0.15% (w/w). Slurry derived from each diet was bubbled with air in bench-scale digesters, as before, at 10 mL min−1 for 12 d and the mean H2S concentration in the digester outlet air was 11 μL L−1 On Day 12, the slurry was agitated but the H2S emissions did not change significantly. Both low-level bubbling of air through slurry and dietary S reduction appear to be viable methods for reducing peak H2S emissions from swine manure slurry at a bench scale, but these approaches must be validated at larger scales.

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Copyright © 2005. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA