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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Waste Management

Nitrogen Fertilizer Recommendations for Corn Grown on Soils Amended with Oily Food Waste


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 34 No. 6, p. 2045-2051
    Received: Jan 17, 2005

    * Corresponding author(s): trashid@uoguelph.ca
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  1. M. T. Rashid * and
  2. R. P. Voroney
  1. Land Resource Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1


Soil and plant indices of soil fertility status have traditionally been developed using conventional soil and crop management practices. Data on managing N fertilizer for corn (Zea mays L.) produced on soils amended with C-rich organic materials, such as oily food waste (OFW) is scarce. Identification of a reliable method for making N fertilizer recommendations under these conditions is imperative. The objective of this research was to evaluate soil NO3–N (0- to 30-cm depth) at preplant and presidedress (PSNT) times of sampling for predicting N requirements for corn grown on fields receiving OFW. Experiments were conducted at two locations in Ontario, Canada over 3 yr (1995–1997) where OFW was applied at different rates (0, 10, and 20 Mg ha−1), times (fall and spring), and slope positions (upper, mid, and lower) within the same field. Presidedress soil NO3–N contents were higher compared with preplant time of sampling under all OFW management conditions. Corn grain yields were significantly affected by OFW management and N fertilizer application rates. Maximum economic rate of N application (MERN) varied depending on OFW management conditions. Presidedress soil NO3–N contents had a higher inverse relationship with MERN (r = −0.88) compared with soil NO3–N at preplant (r = −0.74) time of sampling. A linear regression model (Y = 180.1 − 8.22 NO3–N at PSNT) is proposed for making N fertilizer recommendations to corn grown on soils amended with OFW in this geographical region.

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Copyright © 2005. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA