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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 35 No. 3, p. 898-902
    Received: June 15, 2005

    * Corresponding author(s): dbrauer@spa.ars.usda.gov
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Effects of a Waste Paper Product on Soil Phosphorus, Carbon, and Bulk Density

  1. David Brauer *a and
  2. Glen Aikenb
  1. a USDA-ARS, Dale Bumpers Small Farms Research Center, 6883 Highway 23, Booneville, AR 72927
    b USDA-ARS, Forage Animal Production Research Unit, University of Kentucky, Agricultural Science Building North, Lexington, KY 40506


Applications of manures to agricultural fields have increased soil test values for P to high levels in parts of the USA and thus increased the likelihood that P will be transported to surface water and degrade its quality. Waste paper applications to soils with high STP (soil test P) may decrease the risk of P transport to surface water by decreasing DRP (dissolved reactive P) by the formation of insoluble Al–P complexes and providing organic matter to improve infiltration. A field experiment was conducted near Booneville, AR (USA) to assess the effects of different rates of a waste paper product addition on STP, soil bulk density, and total soil C with a soil with approximately 45 mg Bray1-P kg−1 soil (dry weight). A Leadvale silt loam soil (fine-silty, siliceous, thermic Typic Fragiudult) was amended with 0, 22, 44, or 88 Mg waste paper product ha−1 to supply approximately 90, 170, or 350 kg Al ha−1, respectively. One year after additions, there was a strong negative correlation between waste paper product application rates and soil bulk density, and a strong positive correlation between rates and total soil C content. Soil bulk density and total C 2 yr after additions, and soil DRP and Bray1-P were not affected by waste paper additions. These results support the hypothesis that decreases in DRP in runoff from soils receiving waste paper additions were probably due to changes in soil organic matter and bulk density, rather than changes in the chemical forms of soil P.

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Copyright © 2006. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA