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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 35 No. 4, p. 1118-1126
     
    Received: Apr 25, 2005
    Published: July, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): rcs15@psu.edu
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doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0134

Nutrient and Trace Element Leaching following Mine Reclamation with Biosolids

  1. Richard Stehouwer *,
  2. Rick L. Day and
  3. Kirsten E. Macneal
  1. Crop and Soil Science Department, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802-3504

Abstract

Mine reclamation with biosolids increases revegetation success but nutrient addition well in excess of vegetation requirements has the potential to increase leaching of NO3 and other biosolids constituents. A 3-yr water quality monitoring study was conducted on a Pennsylvania mine site reclaimed with biosolids applied at the maximum permitted and standard loading rate of 134 Mg ha−1 Zero-tension lysimeters were installed at 1-m depth 1 yr before reclamation: three in the biosolids application area, one in a control area (no biosolids). Before reclamation, all water samples had pH in the range 4.7 to 6.2, acidity <20 mg L−1, and very low levels of all other measured parameters. Following reclamation, percolate water in the biosolids-treated area had lower pH and greater acidity than the control area. Acidity was greatest during the first winter following biosolids application, decreased during the spring, and showed a similar pattern but with much smaller concentrations the second year. Maximum first- year leachate NO3 concentrations were ∼300 mg L−1 and half as large the second year. Estimated inorganic N leaching loss during the first 2 yr after biosolids application was 2327 kg N ha−1 Aluminum, Mn, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn followed similar leaching patterns as did acidity, and their mobilization appeared to be the result of the increased acidity. These results indicate that large applications of low-C/N-ratio biosolids could negatively impact area water quality and that biosolids reclamation practices should be modified to reduce this possibility.

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Copyright © 2006. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyASA, CSSA, SSSA