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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 38 No. 2, p. 826-835
    Received: Apr 19, 2008

    * Corresponding author(s): ettore.capri@unicatt.it
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Development of a Management Tool to Indicate the Environmental Impact of Organic Viticulture

  1. Georgios Fragoulisa,
  2. Marco Trevisana,
  3. Andrea Di Guardob,
  4. Andrea Sorceb,
  5. Markus van der Meerc,
  6. Franco Weibelc and
  7. Ettore Capri *a
  1. a Istituto di Chimica Agraria ed Ambientale, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, 29100 Piacenza, Italy
    b Informatica Ambientale S.r.l., Via Teodosio, 13, 20131 Milan, Italy
    c Forschungsinstitut für Biologischen Landbau, Ackerstrasse, 5070 Frick, Switzerland


Organic viticulture is an important part of the European Union organic farming sector, and, according to the most recent surveys, 1.5% of European Union wine originates from organic farms, with an upward trend. This paper describes an environmental impact of an organic viticulture indicator (EIOVI) that can be reliably used in the management of organic vineyards. The EIOVI can be used as a decision support system for farmers and other property managers by evaluating the potential ecological impact of their choices, thus optimizing management options. The tool allows the simulation of vineyard management based on six agricultural and ecological modules. The EIOVI is a fuzzy expert system that calculates the relationship between the modules on the basis of a set of 64 decision rules. Initial testing (validation) has been performed using 20 simulations for six Swiss wine-growing estates. The results of these tests were promising; the EIOVI motivates managers to consider the wine-growing estate as a whole by subsummarizing all aspects of management. The visualization of results is very tangible and clearly shows that the use of this indicator could improve the management of the vineyard. With some improvements, the EIOVI will be a helpful assessment tool for vine growers, consultants, environmental agencies, and scientists.

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Copyright © 2009. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyAmerican Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America