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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

A Mathematical Model for Phosphorus Movement in Soils1


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 4 No. 1, p. 87-92
    Received: Feb 1, 1974

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  1. Dhananjai B. Shah2,
  2. George A. Coulman2,
  3. Lawrence T. Novak3 and
  4. Boyd G. Ellis2



Land application of municipal and industrial wastes is increasingly being looked upon as an alternative for treatment of the effluent. Since phosphorus compounds constitute a major potential source of ground water contamination, it is important to study the movement of these compounds in the soil. In this paper, a model for the movement of P has been developed. Material balance equations for water in the soil pore spaces, P in the liquid phase, and adsorbed P on the soil have been formulated. These equations are solved numerically to simulate the P concentration profiles in the soil solution and in the soil as functions of depth for an operating waste disposal system. The results of the simulation show a good agreement with the field data. The model can be used to determine the response of the system for a given input of phosphates and thus is a useful tool in the design and management of such systems.

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