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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Rate of Chloride and Water Movement in Southern California Soils1


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 4 No. 1, p. 127-131
    Received: Mar 20, 1974

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  1. R. J. Tullock,
  2. N. T. Coleman and
  3. P. F. Pratt2



Column experiments in the laboratory showed an increase of 2 to 25% in the relative rate of chloride movement in soils to water when the movement of water was calculated on a total pore-volume basis. The increase was explained as a result of anion exclusion next to the surfaces of negatively charged soil colloids. The relative rate of flow was decreased when the moisture retained by the air dry soils was deleted from the total pore solution. For soils containing sufficient clay to result in a cation exchange capacity greater than 10 meq/100 g, an equation was developed relating the fraction of the pore solution in equilibrium with anions to the cation exchange capacity. Calculated transit times for anion movement from the soil surface to ground waters should include a correction for the volume of exclusion.

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