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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Effects of Waterhyacinth Cover on Water Chemistry, Phytoplankton, and Fish in Ponds1


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 4 No. 3, p. 375-378
    Received: Dec 10, 1974

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  1. Charles McVea2,3 and
  2. Claude E. Boyd2



Waterhyacinth [Eichhornia crassipes (Mort.) Solms] cover of 0, 5, 10, or 25% surface was established in fertilized ponds stocked with the fish, Tilapia aurea (Steindachner), at Auburn, Alabama. Measurements of water chemistry, phytoplankton density, and fish production were made during the 1973 growing season.

Phytoplankton production was less in ponds with 10 and 25% cover by waterhyacinth than in ponds with 0 and 5% cover. Competition of waterhyacinth with phytoplankton involved shading and removal of phosphorus from the water.

Concentrations of dissolved oxygen were lowest in ponds with 25% cover, but oxygen tensions in all ponds were adequate for survival and growth of fish.

Reduction in phytoplankton growth in ponds with 10 and 25% cover resulted in much lower fish production. The presence of 5% cover by waterhyacinth did not significantly affect fish production.

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