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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 1, p. 126-132
    Received: June 16, 2010

    * Corresponding author(s): mpalomo@csupomona.edu


Peroxidase-Catalyzed Stabilization of 2,4-Dichlorophenol in Alkali-extracted Soils

  1. Mónica Palomo *a and
  2. Alok Bhandarib
  1. a Dep. of Civil Engineering, California State Polytechnic Univ., Pomona, Building 17, Room 2663, Pomona, CA. 91768
    b Dep. of Civil Engineering, Kansas State Univ. Assigned to Associate Editor Joseph Pignatello.


Horseradish peroxidase- (HRP) mediated stabilization of phenolic contaminants is a topic of interest due to its potential for remediation of contaminated soils. This study evaluated the sorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP) and its HRP-mediated stabilization in two alkali-extracted soils. Alkali extraction reduced the soil organic matter (SOM) contents of the geomaterials and enriched the residual SOM with humin C. Sorption of DCP on these sorbents was complete within 1 d. However, most of the sorbed DCP was removed from the geomaterials by water and methanol, suggesting weak solute-sorbent interactions. The addition of HRP resulted in the generation of DCP polymerization products (DPP), which partitioned between the aqueous and solid phases. The DPP phase distribution was rapid and complete within 24 h. Between 70 and 90% of the added DCP was converted to DPP and up to 43% of the initial aqueous phase contaminant was transformed into a residue that was resistant to extraction with methanol. Bound residues of DPP increased with initial aqueous phase solute concentration and remained fairly constant after 7 d of contact. Contaminant stabilization was noted to be high in the humin-mineral geomaterial. Results illustrate that HRP may be effective in stabilizing phenolic contaminants in subsoils that are likely to contain SOM enriched in humin C.

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