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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 1, p. 76-82
     
    Received: Dec 15, 2009


    * Corresponding author(s): ymaeji@niaes.affrc.go.jp
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doi:10.2134/jeq2009.0496

Transformation of Diphenylarsinic Acid in Agricultural Soils

  1. Yuji Maejima *,
  2. Tomohito Arao and
  3. Koji Baba
  1. National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8604 Japan. Assigned to Associate Editor Rainer Schulin

Abstract

We investigated the transformation and fate of diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA) during incubation in two types of soils (Entisol and Andisol) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Under anaerobic conditions only, DPAA was transformed into methyldiphenylarsine oxide by methylation. Under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions, DPAA was degraded to phenylarsonic acid by dephenylation, and phenylarsonic acid was subsequently methylated to form methylphenylarsinic acid and dimethylphenylarsine oxide. The degradation of DPAA in the Andisol was less extensive than in the Entisol. In autoclaved soil under anaerobic conditions, DPAA underwent little degradation during the 24-wk incubation. In unautoclaved soils, the concentration of DPAA in soil clearly decreased after 24 wk of incubation, indicating that DPAA degradation was driven by microbial activity.

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