Nutrients and Bacteria in Common Contiguous Mississippi Soils with and without Broiler Litter Fertilization
- Michael R. McLaughlin *,
- John P. Brooks,
- Ardeshir Adeli and
- Haile Tewolde
- USDA–ARS, Genetics and Precision Agriculture Research Unit, P.O. Box 5367, Mississippi State, MS 39762. Approved for publication as journal article number J-46076 of the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Mississippi State University. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Assigned to Associate Editor Robert Dungan
In Mississippi, spent poultry litter is used as fertilizer. Nutrient and bacterial levels in litter and nutrient levels in litter-fertilized (L+) soil are known, but less is known of bacterial levels in L+ soil. This study compared contiguous L+ and non–litter-fertilized (L–) soils comprising 15 soil types on five farms in April through May 2009. Levels of pH; NO3−–N; and Mehlich-3–extractable (M3) and water-extractable (WE) P, Ca, K, and Cu were higher in L+ than in L– soil. Total C; total N; NH4+–N; and M3 and WE Na, Fe, and Zn did not differ in L+ and L– soil. Bacterial levels were higher in 0- to 5-cm than in 5- to 10-cm cores. Levels were higher in L+ than in L– soil for culturally determined heterotrophic plate counts and staphylococci and were lower for total bacteria estimated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) of 16S rRNA, but cultural levels of thermotolerant coliforms, Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, and enterococci were not different. Cultural presence/absence (CPA) tests and qPCR for Listeria spp., Campylobacter spp., and Salmonella spp. detected only Listeria spp., which did not differ in L+ (CPA = 77% positive samples; mean qPCR = 0.65 log10 genomic units [gu] g−1) and L– (CPA = 70% positive samples; mean qPCR = 0 log10 gu g−1) soils. Litter applications were associated with higher levels of pH, P, Cu, heterotrophic plate counts, and staphylococci. Fecal indicator and enteric pathogen levels were not affected. We conclude that, although some litter-derived nutrients and bacteria persisted between growing seasons in L+ soils, enteric pathogens did not.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
Copyright © 2011. . Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.