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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 6, p. 1722-1729
     
    Received: July 31, 2010


    * Corresponding author(s): jcshi@zju.edu.cn
    jmxu@zju.edu.cn
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doi:10.2134/jeq2010.0347

Dissipation of Pentachlorophenol in the Aerobic–Anaerobic Interfaces Established by the Rhizosphere of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Root

  1. Tahir Hayata,
  2. Na Dinga,
  3. Bin Maa,
  4. Yan Hea,
  5. Jiachun Shi *a and
  6. Jianming Xu *a
  1. a Zhejiang Provincial Key Lab. of Subtropical Soil and Plant Nutrition, College of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou, China. Assigned to Associate Editor Minghua Zhang

Abstract

Phytoremediation is an emerging technology for the detoxification and remediation of organic pollutants such as pentachlorophenol (PCP). To investigate the dissipation behavior of PCP in the aerobic–anaerobic interfaces established by the rhizosphere of rice (Oryza sativa L.) root, a glasshouse experiment was conducted using a specially designed rhizobox. The possible biogeochemical mechanisms were also studied through illustration of the dynamic behavior of important electron acceptors and donors that are potentially involved in the reductive dechlorination and aerobic catabolism processes of PCP. The soil was spiked with 20 ± 0.25 and 45 ± 0.25 mg of PCP kg−1 soil. Soil in the rhizobox was divided into five different compartments at various distances from the root surface. Maximum dissipation of PCP in planted soil was observed at 3-mm distance from the root zone as well as rapid changes in concentrations of sulfate, chloride, nitrate, and ammonium at the same distance from the root. In contrast, in the unplanted soil, no difference was observed in the PCP concentration with increasing distance. After 45 d, a significantly higher concentration of PCP was degraded in planted soil compared with unplanted soil. In the unplanted microcosms, about 45% of the initial PCP was lost at both low and high added rates, respectively. This was, proportionately, a significantly smaller percentage compared with the planted rhizosphere (an average of 66 and 64.5%, respectively). Moreover, the correlations of PCP dissipation with SO42−, NO3, and Fe3+ were significantly negative, while the correlations of PCP dissipation with NH4+, Fe2+, and Cl were significantly positive. This suggested the oxidization of soil constituents can inhibit aerobic catabolism of PCP by consuming O2, and the reduction of soil constituents can inhibit anaerobic reductive dechlorination of PCP. Therefore, the significance of the rhizosphere in phytoremediation of chlorinated compounds such as PCP differs significantly between wetland and rainfed systems.

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