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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 6, p. 1895-1902
    Received: Apr 26, 2011

    * Corresponding author(s): zhud@nju.edu.cn
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Sorption of Aromatic Ionizable Organic Compounds to Montmorillonites Modified by Hexadecyltrimethyl Ammonium and Polydiallyldimethyl Ammonium

  1. Huaizhou Xua,
  2. Yuqiu Wana,
  3. Hui Lib,
  4. Shourong Zhenga and
  5. Dongqiang Zhu *a
  1. a State Key Lab. of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse/School of the Environment, Nanjing Univ., Jiangsu 210093, P.R. China
    b Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824-1325


Environmental residues of aromatic ionizable organic compounds (AIOCs) have received considerable attention due to their potential human health and ecological risks. The main objective of this study was to investigate the key factors and mechanisms controlling sorption of a series of anionic and zwitterionic AIOCs (two aromatic sulfonates, 4-methyl-2,6-dinitrophenol, tetracycline, sulfamethoxazole, and tannic acid) to montmorillonites modified with hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium (HDTMA) and polydiallyldimethyl ammonium (PDADMA). Compared with naphthalene (a nonpolar and nonionic solute), all AIOCs showed stronger sorption (the sorbent-to-solution distribution coefficient was in the order of 103–104 L kg−1) to the two organoclays in spite of the much lower hydrophobicity, indicating the predominance of electrostatic interaction in sorption. The proposed electrostatic mechanism of the tested AIOCs was supported by the pH dependency of sorption to the two organoclays. The two organoclays manifested weaker sorption affinity but faster sorption kinetics for bulky AIOCs than commercial activated carbon, resulting from the high accessibility of sorption sites in the open, ordered clay interlayer. The findings of this study highlight the potential of using HDTMA- and PDADMA-exchanged montmorillonites as effective sorbents for AIOCs in water and wastewater treatments.

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Copyright © 2011. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.