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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 41 No. 3, p. 716-723
     
    Received: June 26, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): cmyang@tongji.edu.cn
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doi:10.2134/jeq2011.0223

Influence of Rhizosphere Microbial Ecophysiological Parameters from Different Plant Species on Butachlor Degradation in a Riparian Soil

  1. Changming Yang *a,
  2. Mengmeng Wangb and
  3. Jianhua Lib
  1. a State Key Lab. of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Tongji Univ., Shanghai 200092, China
    b Key Lab. of Yangtze River Water Environment of the Ministry of Education, Tongji Univ., Shanghai 200092, China. Assigned to Associate Editor Jose-Julio Ortega-Calvo

Abstract

Biogeochemical processes in riparian zones regulate contaminant movement to receiving waters and often mitigate the impact of upland sources of contaminants on water quality. However, little research has been reported on the microbial process and degradation potential of herbicide in a riparian soil. Field sampling and incubation experiments were conducted to investigate differences in microbial parameters and butachlor degradation in the riparian soil from four plant communities in Chongming Island, China. The results suggested that the rhizosphere soil had significantly higher total organic C and water-soluble organic C relative to the nonrhizosphere soil. Differences in rhizosphere microbial community size and physiological parameters among vegetation types were significant. The rhizosphere soil from the mixed community of Phragmites australis and Acorus calamus had the highest microbial biomass and biochemical activity, followed by A. calamus, P. australis, and Zizania aquatica. Microbial ATP, dehydrogenase activity (DHA), and basal soil respiration (BSR) in the rhizosphere of the mixed community of P. australis and A. calamus were 58, 72, and 62% higher, respectively, than in the pure P. australis community. Compared with the rhizosphere soil of the pure plant communities, the mixed community of P. australis and A. calamus displayed a significantly greater degradation rate of butachlor in the rhizosphere soil. Residual butachlor concentrations in rhizosphere soil of the mixed community of P. australis and A. calamus were 48, 63, and 68% lower than three pure plant communities, respectively. Butachlor degradation rates were positively correlated to microbial ATP, DHA, and BSR, indicating that these microbial parameters may be useful in assessing butachlor degradation potential in the riparian soil.

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