About Us | Help Videos | Contact Us | Subscriptions



This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 41 No. 3, p. 754-763
    Received: Sept 1, 2011

    * Corresponding author(s): anne-marie.pourcher@irstea.fr
Request Permissions


Changes in Concentrations of Fluoroquinolones and of Ciprofloxacin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Chicken Feces and Manure Stored in a Heap

  1. Ramona Morarua,
  2. Anne-Marie Pourcher *bc,
  3. Alain Jadas-Hecartd,
  4. Isabelle Kempfe,
  5. Christine Ziebalbc,
  6. Magalie Kervarrecbc,
  7. Pierre-Yves Comunaldf,
  8. Mihai Maresa and
  9. Patrick Dabertbc
  1. a Univ. of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Aleea Mihail Sadoveanu nr. 8, code 700489, Iaşi, Romania
    b IRSTEA, 17 avenue de Cucillé, 35044 Rennes, France
    c Université européenne de Bretagne, France
    d Université d'Angers/LEESA, 2 boulevard Lavoisier, 49045 Angers, France
    e ANSES Laboratoire de Ploufragan/Plouzané, BP 53, 22440 Ploufragan, France
    f GIRPA, 8 rue Henry Becquerel, 49070 Beaucouzé. Assigned to Associate Editor Ed Topp


This study evaluated the impact of storing chicken manure on the degradation of enrofloxacin (ENR) and ciprofloxacin (CIP), and on the survival of CIP-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. At 24 d of age, half of 8900 chickens received ENR for 5 d. After the animals departed, their manure was stored in two heaps for 63 d. Enterobacteriaceae were cultured on media containing 0 to 32 mg L−1 of CIP. A total of 320 isolates were fingerprinted using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) to evaluate community structure. Initial concentrations of ENR and CIP in the heap were 22 and 1.8 mg kg−1, respectively. Seventy-three percent of the two fluoroquinolones were eliminated during storage. The administration of ENR led to a 5.1 log10 decrease in Enterobacteriaceae concentrations and emergence of CIP-resistant bacteria, which became dominant in the feces. Enterobacteriaceae concentrations decreased 1.2 to 2.3 log10 2 d after the heaps were made and continued to decline during storage. No resistant Enterobacteriaceae were found by Day 63. The highest CIP minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values observed among isolates of Escherichia coli and of both Proteus mirabilis and Providencia sp. were 128 and 4 mg L−1, respectively. The dominant ERIC-PCR profiles changed over time. There was no relationship between genotype and resistance-isolated strains to CIP. Storing chicken manure in heaps appeared to be an effective way of limiting the entrance of CIP-resistant E. coli into the environment but did not prevent the dissemination of fluoroquinolones after land spreading.

  Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.

Copyright © 2012. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.