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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 41 No. 4, p. 967-972
    OPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: Apr 10, 2012


    * Corresponding author(s): jim.ippolito@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0151

Environmental Benefits of Biochar

  1. James A. Ippolito *a,
  2. David A. Lairdb and
  3. Warren J. Busscherc
  1. a USDA–ARS, Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Lab., 3793 N. 3600E, Kimberly, ID 83341
    b Dep. of Agronomy, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011
    c (retired), USDA–ARS, Coastal Plains Research Center, Florence, SC 29501. Assigned to Associate Editor Tim Clough

Abstract

Understanding and improving environmental quality by reducing soil nutrient leaching losses, reducing bioavailability of environmental contaminants, sequestering C, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and enhancing crop productivity in highly weathered or degraded soils, has been the goal of agroecosystem researchers and producers for years. Biochar, produced by pyrolysis of biomass, may help attain these goals. The desire to advance understanding of the environmental and agronomic implication of biochar utilization led to the organization of the 2010 American Society of Agronomy–Soil Science Society of America Environmental Quality Division session titled “Biochar Effects on the Environment and Agricultural Productivity.” This specialized session and sessions from other biochar conferences, such as the 2010 U.S. Biochar Initiative and the Biochar Symposium 2010 are the sources for this special manuscript collection. Individual contributions address improvement of the biochar knowledge base, current information gaps, and future biochar research needs. The prospect of biochar utilization is promising, as biochars may be customized for specific environmental applications.

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Copyright © 2012. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.