About Us | Help Videos | Contact Us | Subscriptions

Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - SHORT COMMUNICATIONS

Phosphorus Flow and Characterization in Dry-Grind Corn Ethanol Plants


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 41 No. 5, p. 1695-1701
    Received: Feb 9, 2012
    Published: September 14, 2012

    * Corresponding author(s): kkarthikeyan@wisc.edu
Request Permissions

  1. A. Alkan-Ozkaynaka and
  2. K. G. Karthikeyan *a
  1. a Dep. of Biological Systems Engineering, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, 460 Henry Mall, Madison, WI 53706. Assigned to Associate Editor Barbara Cade-Menun


Both the high phosphorus (P) content and P bioavailability of the animal feed coproducts of the corn-ethanol industry could potentially contribute to increased manure and soil P levels and associated environmental issues (e.g., eutrophication). Therefore, a detailed modeling of total P mass flow to the coproducts (i.e., dry distillers grains with solubles, DDGS) was performed. Distribution of P between inorganic P and phytase-hydrolyzable P forms was quantified for selected coproducts (thin stillage, DDGS, modified DDGS [mDDGS]). The P mass balance indicated that although corn is the major P contributor to the coproducts (80.2%), a substantial portion (19.4%) comes from yeast addition. Of the two components constituting DDGS, wet distillers grains and condensed solubles, the latter contributes to only one-third of the mass but, importantly, yields 70.9% of P. The phytase enzyme used, Aspergillus ficuum, was very effective in hydrolyzing the nonorthophosphate P components of thin stillage, DDGS and mDDGS. Our results would help track P movement during various dry-grind processing steps and formulate strategies for phytase enzyme supplementation to various postfermentation coproducts from corn-ethanol plants.

  Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.

Copyright © 2012. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.