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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 8 No. 1, p. 137-142
     
    Received: May 10, 1978
    Published: Jan, 1979


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doi:10.2134/jeq1979.00472425000800010030x

Drainage Control to Diminish Nitrate Loss from Agricultural Fields1

  1. J. W. Gilliam,
  2. R. W. Skaggs and
  3. S. B. Weed2

Abstract

Abstract

In an attempt to reduce NO3-N movement to drainage waters, flashboard riser-type water level control structures were installed in tile mains or outlet ditches at two locations to raise the water table to increase denitrification during the winter. A large reduction in NO3-N movement through tile lines occurred (from 25–40 to 1–7 kg/ha) in moderately well-drained soils because of reduction in effluent volume. In the moderately well-drained soils, there was no indication of increased denitrification in the field. In poorly drained soils, drainage control had no influence upon soil profile oxidation-reduction potentials but resulted in approximately.a 50% reduction in NO3 movement through drainage ditches. This reduction was due to increased water movement into and through deeper soil horizons (below 1 m). The NO3-N concentrations and low Eh values in all profiles below 1 m indicate that the NO3 which moved to this depth underwent denitrification.

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