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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 8 No. 2, p. 143-148
     
    Received: Dec 27, 1977


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doi:10.2134/jeq1979.00472425000800020001x

Programmed Impacts of Environmental Restraints Applied to U.S. Agriculture1

  1. Earl O. Heady and
  2. Gary Vocke2

Abstract

Abstract

A national and interregional programming model is developed to evaluate the impact of potential restraints for soil loss and nitrogen on land use, crop production patterns, interregional competition, and economic variables. The model includes 105 producing regions with 5 land classes in each, 51 water supply regions, and 28 market regions. Crop and soil loss activities are defined for each land class in each producing region. The soil loss restraints would reduce gross soil loss through use of more contouring, strip cropping, terracing, and minimum tillage. Interregional reorganizations of agriculture are predicted to occur. Regions with greater rainfall and hilly land, particularly the southeastern U.S., would sacrifice in cropping share and farm income. Regions of level lands and less rainfall, particularly the Great Plains and part of the Corn Belt, would gain in cropping intensity and income. Under nitrogen restrictions more hectares of crops would be grown and pesticide expenditures would increase. Under all environmental alternatives analyzed, U.S. agriculture could meet U.S. food needs with small increases in the supply prices of food.

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