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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 8 No. 2, p. 223-229
     
    Received: Sept 1, 1978
    Published: Apr, 1979


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doi:10.2134/jeq1979.00472425000800020018x

Herbicide Runoff from Upland Piedmont Watersheds—Data and Implications for Modeling Pesticide Transport1

  1. R. A. Leonard,
  2. G. W. Langdale and
  3. W. G. Fleming2

Abstract

Abstract

Runoff and persistence of selected herbicides were studied on four small Piedmont watersheds in Georgia during four growing seasons. This is part of a study designed to provide data for developing and testing mathematical models for agricultural chemical transport. Seasonal runoff losses were determined relative to watershed management, herbicide type and persistence, mode of application, and time of runoff in relation to application timing. Seasonal losses were usually < 2% of the application, unless large runoff volumes were generated shortly after application. Average storm herbicide concentrations in runoff were correlated with herbicide concentrations at the 0- to 1- cm depth increment of the watershed soils at the time of runoff. Paraquat concentrations in runoff (predominantly sediment associated) were well correlated and positive with the product of soil herbicide concentration and sediment in runoff. Equations describing soilbased herbicide transfer to runoff were power functions with exponents near unity with the form: Y = a xb. Simple relationships such as those developed in this study along with hydrology and erosion/sediment models may he useful in predicting pesticide runoff potential when assessing relative impacts of management decisions. The next step would be to describe key management practices in terms of these coefficients and exponents.

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