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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Phosphorus Adsorption-Desorption Characteristics of Two Soils Utilized for Disposal of Animal Wastes1


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 9 No. 1, p. 86-92
    Received: Oct 16, 1978

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  1. K. R. Reddy,
  2. M. R. Overcash,
  3. R. Khaleel and
  4. P. W. Westerman2



The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of animal waste loading rates on P adsorption-desorption characteristics of two soils. In a laboratory incubation study, Norfolk soil was treated with beef, poultry, or swine wastes; and allowed to decompose under optimum moisture conditions for a period of 30 days. Phosphorus adsorption-desorption characteristics of the soil were measured at the end of the incubation period. Application of beef, poultry, and swine wastes to a Norfolk soil decreased adsorption capacity of the soil and increased soluble P (in 0.01M CaCl2), acid-extractable P (0.05N HCl + 0.025N H2SO4), equilibrium P concentration (EPC), and P desorption (after four 1-hour extractions).

In a field study, increased rates of swine lagoon effluent application over a period of 5 years to a Norfolk soil (Site 1) and for 3 years to a Cecil soil (Site 2) also increased soluble P (in 0.01M CaCl2), acid extractable P, P desorbed, and EPC values, and decreased the adsorption capacity. At high loading rates of swine lagoon effluent, soluble P movement occurred to a depth of 75 and 30 cm at Site 1 and 2, respectively. Phosphorus adsorption increased with depth, and EPC values decreased with increasing depths of soil profile. A significant relationship was observed between EPC values, and soluble and acid extractable P.

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