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Volume 46 Issue 4, July-August 2017



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  • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES up

    • Adrian L.D. Paul and Rufus L. Chaney
      Effect of Soil Amendments on Cd Accumulation by Spinach from a Cd-Mineralized Soil
      Core Ideas
      • Cd-mineralized soils exist in many nations and require management to limit crop Cd.
      • Both Zn fertilizer and limestone equivalent must be incorporated to minimize spinach Cd.
      • Biosolids compost may negatively affect plant growth due to soluble salts but reduce spinach Cd.
      • Codex Cd limits can be attained for leafy vegetables grown in Cd-mineralized Lockwood soils.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.07.0251
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:707-713
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    • Roman Babko, Katarzyna Jaromin-Gleń, Grzegorz Łagód, Yaroslav Danko, Tatiana Kuzmina, Małgorzata Pawłowska and Artur Pawłowski
      Short-term Influence of Two Types of Drilling Fluids on Wastewater Treatment Rate and Eukaryotic Organisms of Activated Sludge in Sequencing Batch Reactors
      Core Ideas
      • 1% v/v polymer DF causes a decrease in biomass of activated sludge eukaryotes.
      • 1% v/v polymer-potassium DF does not lead to reduction of their biomass.
      • 1% v/v DF of both types increases the rates of organic substancesutilization.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.05.0184
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:714-721
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  • ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTANTS AND TRACE GASES up

    • Mindy J. Spiehs, Elaine D. Berry, James E. Wells, David B. Parker and Tami M. Brown-Brandl
      Odorous Volatile Organic Compounds, Escherichia coli , and Nutrient Concentrations when Kiln-Dried Pine Chips and Corn Stover Bedding Are Used in Beef Bedded Manure Packs
      Core Ideas
      • Mixtures of bedding material containing at least 40% pine chips may reduce odorous BCFAs.
      • Even 10% pine chips in the bedding mixture will lower concentration of skatole by 64%.
      • Use of 100% pine chips for bedding increases sulfide 1.8–2.4 times compared with corn stover bedding.
      • E. coli is not influenced by pine chip addition to the bedding mixture.
      • Bedding mixtures with 30–60% pine may mitigate odor from livestock facilities.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.09.0333
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:722-732
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    • David B. Parker, Heidi M. Waldrip, Kenneth D. Casey, Richard W. Todd, William M. Willis and Kathleen Webb
      Temporal Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Beef Cattle Feedlot Manure after a Simulated Rainfall Event
      Core Ideas
      • A rapid (60 s) method was developed to quantify fluxes of N2O-N from manure.
      • In a 45-d period, there were two distinct N2O-N episodes after simulated rainfall.
      • The first N2O-N episode peaked 2 h after rainfall, the second 15 d later.
      • The second accounted for ∼80% of total N2O-N emitted during the 45-d period.
      • Each millimeter of rainfall increased N2O-N emissions by 168 mg m−2 over 45 d.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0042
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:733-740
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    • Ben W. Thomas and Xiying Hao
      Nitrous Oxide Emitted from Soil Receiving Anaerobically Digested Solid Cattle Manure
      Core Ideas
      • Information on N2O emitted from biogas residues applied to semiarid soils is limited.
      • 80 to 95% of N2O emissions occurred within 36 d of amendment application over 4 yr.
      • Digestate led to 4.4 times the N2O emissions of separated solids and cattle manure.
      • Digestate had 10.6 to 13.6 times the N2O emission factors of separated solids and cattle manure.
      • Digestate had 4.0 times the yield-scaled N2O of separated solids and cattle manure.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0044
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:741-750
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  • BIOREMEDIATION AND BIODEGRADATION up

    • Erin M. Karppinen, Steven D. Siciliano and Katherine J. Stewart
      Application Method and Biochar Type Affect Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degradation in Northern Landfarms
      Core Ideas
      • Biochar was applied in field trials to assess petroleum hydrocarbon remediation potential.
      • Incorporating soil amendments increased petroleum hydrocarbon degradation in northern soils.
      • Bonemeal biochar enhanced petroleum hydrocarbon degradation under frozen conditions.
      • Nitrate availability was increased in soils with biochar amendments.
      • Liquid water content increased in incorporated treatments, specifically with biochar additions.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0038
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:751-759
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  • ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY up

    • Mariem Yahya, Anicet R. Blanch, Wim G. Meijer, Katerina Antoniou, Fatma Hmaied and Elisenda Ballesté
      Comparison of the Performance of Different Microbial Source Tracking Markers among European and North African Regions
      Core Ideas
      • • Differences among geographical areas have been observed for human source tracking markers
      • • Agricultural practices and/or climate conditions may affect the selection of ruminant MST markers.
      • • The MST markers described must be validated in each area before use for water management.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.11.0432
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:760-766
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    • Yun-Feng Duan, Sabine Reinsch, Per Ambus, Lars Elsgaard and Søren O. Petersen
      Activity of Type I Methanotrophs Dominates under High Methane Concentration: Methanotrophic Activity in Slurry Surface Crusts as Influenced by Methane, Oxygen, and Inorganic Nitrogen
      Core Ideas
      • Oxygen penetration into surface crusts is shallow.
      • Nitrous oxide accumulates at oxic–anoxic interfaces in surface crusts.
      • Oxygen availability is important to high-concentration CH4 oxidation.
      • Microbial CH4 oxidation is affected by interactions of inorganic N and O2.
      • Activity of Type I methanotrophs dominates under high CH4 concentration.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0047
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:767-775
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  • ENVIRONMENTAL MODELS, MODULES, AND DATASETS up

    • Yijun Yao, Yue Wang, Zhong Zhong, Mengling Tang and Eric M. Suuberg
      Investigating the Role of Soil Texture in Vapor Intrusion from Groundwater Sources
      Core Ideas
      • Soil particle size is not important in source-to-subslab processes, except for shallow sources.
      • Soil particle size affects subslab-to-indoor air concentration attenuation.
      • Investigators should focus on the shallow soil beneath the building foundation.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0011
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:776-784
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  • GROUNDWATER QUALITY up

    • Rezvan Karimi, Wole Akinremi and Don Flaten
      Cropping System and Type of Pig Manure Affect Nitrate-Nitrogen Leaching in a Sandy Loam Soil
      Core Ideas
      • Similar amounts of water were lost from perennial and annual cropping systems.
      • Significant amounts of nitrate were lost from annual vs. negligible amounts from perennial crops.
      • Phosphorus-based solid pig manure reduced nitrate leaching from annual crop.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.04.0158
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:785-792
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  • LANDSCAPE AND WATERSHED PROCESSES up

    • Charles H. Fontanier, Jacqueline A. Aitkenhead-Peterson, Benjamin G. Wherley, Richard H. White, James C. Thomas and Phil Dwyer
      Deficit Irrigation and Fertility Effects on NO 3 –N Exports from St. Augustinegrass
      Core Ideas
      • Deficit irrigation practices reduce seasonal nitrate-N exports from turf.
      • Turfgrass systems accumulate N more efficiently under deficit irrigation programs.
      • Deficit irrigation with high N fertility can increase N loss from turf systems.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.12.0477
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:793-801
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  • ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT up

    • Francis X. M. Casey, Nancy W. Shappell and Heldur Hakk
      Halogenated 17β-Estradiol Surrogates: Synthesis, Estrogenic Activity, and Initial Investigations of Fate in Soil/Water Systems
      Core Ideas
      • • 17β-Estradiol (E2) is naturally present in the environment.
      • • There are no methods to distinguish de novo inputs of E2 from background levels.
      • • Brominated congener of E2 were synthesized and tested as surrogates of E2.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0053
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:802-810
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  • PLANT AND ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS up

    • Colleen Zumpf, Herbert Ssegane, Maria Cristina Negri, Patty Campbell and Julian Cacho
      Yield and Water Quality Impacts of Field-Scale Integration of Willow into a Continuous Corn Rotation System
      Core Ideas
      • • We assessed impacts of shrub willow integration within an agricultural landscape.
      • • Nitrate leachate was significantly reduced by willow buffers in an Illinois cornfield.
      • • Willows used water resources differently than corn with time.
      • • Improved soil health seen under willow will continue to be monitored.
      • • Influencing factors contributing to low willow biomass will be assessed in the future.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0082
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:811-818
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  • SURFACE WATER QUALITY up

    • Isabelle Pattis, Elaine Moriarty, Craig Billington, Brent Gilpin, Roger Hodson and Nick Ward
      Concentrations of Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli , Enterococci, and Yersinia spp. in the Feces of Farmed Red Deer in New Zealand
      Core Ideas
      • Deer feces are a potential source of human campylobacteriosis.
      • All Campylobacter genotypes were found among human clinical isolates in New Zealand.
      • Campylobacter spp. prevalence in deer feces is low compared with other livestock.
      • The average daily excretion of Campylobacter-positive deer and sheep is comparable.
      • Access of deer to waterways should be restricted.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0002
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:819-827
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    • Keith E. Schilling, Sea-Won Kim, Christopher S. Jones and Calvin F. Wolter
      Orthophosphorus Contributions to Total Phosphorus Concentrations and Loads in Iowa Agricultural Watersheds
      Core Ideas
      • OP contributions to TP export can vary substantially in watersheds.
      • There are higher OP/TP ratios in tile-drained and permeable soils
      • OP/TP are ratios related to row crop intensity and baseflow.
      • Understanding the P transport pathway is important for BMP targeting.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0015
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:828-835
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  • TRACE ELEMENTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT up

    • Shamim Al Mamun, Niklas J. Lehto, Jo Cavanagh, Richard McDowell, Munmun Aktar, Ebrahim Benyas and Brett H. Robinson
      Effects of Lime and Organic Amendments Derived from Varied Source Materials on Cadmium Uptake by Potato
      Core Ideas
      • Composts made from contrasting source materials reduced Cd uptake by potatoes.
      • Unlike lime, composts did not result in reduced micronutrient uptake.
      • Composts resulted in a greater biomass increase than lime.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0059
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:836-844
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    • Frédéric Rees, Françoise Watteau, Sandrine Mathieu, Marie-Pierre Turpault, Yann Le Brech, Rongliang Qiu and Jean Louis Morel
      Metal Immobilization on Wood-Derived Biochars: Distribution and Reactivity of Carbonate Phases
      Core Ideas
      • Carbonate phases in wood-derived biochars can immobilize metals in solution.
      • Some carbonate phases result from oxalate crystals transformation during pyrolysis.
      • Metals are immobilized within preexisting calcium crystals or in new precipitates.
      • The new precipitates are localized on specific features inherited from wood tissues.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.04.0152
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:845-854
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  • VADOSE ZONE PROCESSES AND CHEMICAL TRANSPORT up

    • J. P. McNeal, L. J. Krutz, M. A. Locke, M. M. Kenty, R. L. Atwill, D. M. Pickelmann, C. J. Bryant, C. W. Wood, B. R. Golden and M. S. Cox
      Application of Polyacrylamide (PAM) through Lay-Flat Polyethylene Tubing: Effects on Infiltration, Erosion, N and P Transport, and Corn Yield
      Core Ideas
      • Polyacrylamide applied in furrow improves soil infiltration.
      • Polyacrylamide applied in furrow has minimal effect on erosion and nutrient transport.
      • Polyacrylamide applied in furrow improves corn yield.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.08.0299
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:855-861
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    • Jonas Duus Stevens Lekfeldt, Charlotte Kjaergaard and Jakob Magid
      Long-term Effects of Organic Waste Fertilizers on Soil Structure, Tracer Transport, and Leaching of Colloids
      Core Ideas
      • Sewage sludge application may lead to an increase in the percentage of small pores.
      • Organic waste compost application leads to a general increase in porosity.
      • Large amounts of organic waste fertilizers lead to decreased leaching of colloids.
      • Soil water EC may be a stronger determinant of colloid leaching than organic C.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.11.0457
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:862-870
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    • Jonas Duus Stevens Lekfeldt, Peter E. Holm, Charlotte Kjærgaard and Jakob Magid
      Heavy Metal Leaching as Affected by Long-Time Organic Waste Fertilizer Application
      Core Ideas
      • Urban waste fertilizers do not lead to increased leaching of Cd, Co, Cr, and Pb.
      • Leaching of Cu may be driven by colloids when there is a limited DOC leaching.
      • Mo leaching may be driven by the leaching of DOC.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.11.0458
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:871-878
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  • WASTE MANAGEMENT up

    • Francesca Perazzolo, Gabriele Mattachini, Elisabetta Riva and Giorgio Provolo
      Nutrient Losses during Winter and Summer Storage of Separated and Unseparated Digested Cattle Slurry
      Core Ideas
      • Season had the most significant effect on N and C losses during slurry storage.
      • Mechanical separation did not significantly affect N and C losses.
      • In summer, temperature caused losses of up to 38% of TKN and 23% of TOC from digested slurry.
      • CO2 and NH3 were the predominant gaseous forms of C and N losses.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.07.0274
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:879-888
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    • H. Zhang, R. P. Voroney and G. W. Price
      Effects of Temperature and Activation on Biochar Chemical Properties and Their Impact on Ammonium, Nitrate, and Phosphate Sorption
      Core Ideas
      • Pyrolysis temperature and activation alters the chemical properties of biochar.
      • Pyrolysis temperatures >400°C increase the formation of aromatic C structures.
      • Activation increases the sorption capacity of biochar for nitrate and phosphate.
      • Activated biochars may have use as adsorbents for reducing nutrient-leaching in soils.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0043
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:889-896
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    • Peter L. O’Brien, Thomas M. DeSutter, Francis X. M. Casey, Abbey F. Wick and E. Khan
      Wheat Growth in Soils Treated by Ex Situ Thermal Desorption
      Core Ideas
      • Wheat was grown in crude oil-contaminated soil remediated using thermal desorption.
      • Remediated soil matched topsoil in grain yield, but grain protein was decreased.
      • Mixing topsoil with remediated soil decreased yield but increased grain protein.
      • Grain from remediated soil contained no more petroleum hydrocarbons than topsoil.
      • Mixing topsoil with remediated soil decreased the C:N ratio and increased respiration.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.03.0115
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:897-905
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    • María Jesús Gutiérrez-Ginés, Brett H. Robinson, Juergen Esperschuetz, Engracia Madejón, Jacqui Horswell and Roger McLenaghen
      Potential Use of Biosolids to Reforest Degraded Areas with New Zealand Native Vegetation
      Core Ideas
      • Adding biosolids to two low-fertility soils had contrasting effects on NZ species.
      • N, S, P, Cu, Mn, and Zn concentrations were higher in plants treated with biosolids.
      • New Zealand native dicots accumulated more nutrients than native monocots.
      • Trace element accumulation by some species may present an ecological risk.
      • In ecosystem restoration, biosolids may favor weed growth over NZ native plants.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.04.0139
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:906-914
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  • SHORT COMMUNICATIONS up

    • Gary W. Feyereisen, Laura E. Christianson, Thomas B. Moorman, Rodney T. Venterea and Jeffrey A. Coulter
      Plastic Biofilm Carrier after Corn Cobs Reduces Nitrate Loading in Laboratory Denitrifying Bioreactors
      Core Ideas
      • A chamber of inert plastic biofilm carrier after corn cobs increased NO3-N removal.
      • The added chamber did not achieve aqueous carbon removal.
      • Denitrifiers colonized the plastic biofilm carrier.
      • At 15.5°C, nitrous oxide cumulative production decreased, but not at 1.5°C.
      • Cold temperature performance was unaffected by the added chamber.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0060
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:915-920
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    • Katherine L. Tully, Sheila Abwanda, Margaret Thiong’o, Paul M. Mutuo and Todd S. Rosenstock
      Nitrous Oxide and Methane Fluxes from Urine and Dung Deposited on Kenyan Pastures
      Core Ideas
      • Urine and dung deposited on pasture are a significant agricultural source of GHGs.
      • N2O emissions from African cattle excreta were higher in the wet than dry season.
      • Urine and the combination of urine and dung had the highest N2O fluxes across seasons.
      • N2O emissions were positively correlated with excreta N.
      • N2O emission factors from excreta were one-tenth that predicted by the IPCC.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0040
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2017 46:921-929
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