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Volume 47 Issue 2, March-April 2018



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  • SPECIAL SECTION: ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS up

    • T. Q. Zhang, Z. M. Zheng, R. Lal, Z. Q. Lin, A. N. Sharpley, A. L. Shober, D. Smith, C. S. Tan and P. Van Cappellen
      Environmental Indicator Principium with Case References to Agricultural Soil, Water, and Air Quality and Model-Derived Indicators
      Core Ideas
      • Highly diverse environmental indicators are in use or in development.
      • Agricultural environmental indicators function efficiently at various scales.
      • Environmental indicators need to be improved to provide consistent performance and allow comparability.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.10.0398
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:191-202
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    • Hongkai Qi, Zhiming Qi, T. Q. Zhang, C. S. Tan and Debasis Sadhukhan
      Modeling Phosphorus Losses through Surface Runoff and Subsurface Drainage Using ICECREAM
      Core Ideas
      • The ICECREAM model’s first trial simulating P losses in both runoff and drainage.
      • ICECREAM satisfactorily simulated tile drainage and crop P uptake.
      • The model adequately simulated total P loss and its response to P fertilization.
      • Exceptional care should be taken in simulating particulate P under high drainage flow.
      • Spring tillage and fertilizer injection were recommended to reduce P loss.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0063
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:203-211
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
    • Ying Wang and Nora Fung Yee Tam
      Glutathione–Ascorbate Cycle Is an Early Warning Indicator of Toxicity of BDE-47 in Mangroves
      Core Ideas
      • BDE-47 posed oxidative stress to Kandelia obovata seedlings.
      • Leaf and root biomass of K. obovata was suppressed after short BDE-47 exposure.
      • GSH-AsA cycle-related antioxidants changed significantly immediately after exposure.
      • GSH-AsA cycle was a more sensitive indicator to BDE-47 toxicity than growth.
      • AsA and GPx were early warning indicators to PBDE toxicity in mangrove plants.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.04.0141
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:212-220
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
    • Bei Chu and Frieda Eivazi
      Enhanced Dissipation of Selected Herbicides in a Simulated Organic Matrix Biobed: A System to Control On-Farm Point-Source Pollution
      Core Ideas
      • Biobed material composition and ratio were evaluated.
      • The dissipation rates of atrazine and pendimethalin were enhanced in biomixes.
      • Phenol oxidase was higher in peat biomixes than in compost.
      • A mobile, low-cost system was designed to capture contamination on-farm.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.04.0124
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:221-227
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  • ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTANTS AND TRACE GASES up

    • Andrew R. McGowan, Doo-Hong Min, Jeffery R. Williams and Charles W. Rice
      Impact of Nitrogen Application Rate on Switchgrass Yield, Production Costs, and Nitrous Oxide Emissions
      Core Ideas
      • Losses of fertilizer N as N2O increased with increasing N application rates.
      • Net return was maximized at an N rate of 100 kg N ha−1.
      • Nitrogen inputs were necessary to increase switchgrass productivity.
      • Rates exceeding optimal levels resulted in increased N2O emissions and costs.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0226
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:228-237
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
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    • R. Li, R. Hardy, W. Zhang, G. L. Reinbold and S. M. Strachan
      Chemical Characterization and Source Apportionment of PM 2.5 in a Nonattainment Rocky Mountain Valley
      Core Ideas
      • Source apportionment is crucial for controlling severe air pollution in many places.
      • PM2.5 in West Silver Valley of northern Idaho exceeded the annual NAAQS.
      • Chemical analyses, PMF, and emission inventory were combined to identify sources.
      • Major PM2.5 sources are biomass burning, traffic, soil dust, and secondary aerosols.
      • The methods can be used for source apportionment of air pollution in other regions.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0262
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:238-245
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
    • Pernille Lund Kasper, Arne Oxbøl, Michael Jørgen Hansen and Anders Feilberg
      Mechanisms of Loss of Agricultural Odorous Compounds in Sample Bags of Nalophan, Tedlar, and PTFE
      Core Ideas
      • Loss mechanisms of livestock odorants in sampling bags were investigated by PTR-MS
      • Three approved types of sampling bags were studied: Nalophan, Tedlar, and PTFE
      • Double bags and sequential heating are used to assess diffusion and surface sorption
      • The best storage is obtained with PTFE bags combined with gentle heating
      • Loss rates in sampling bags are strongly influenced by compound volatility
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0289
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:246-253
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    • Nicole Jaeger, Ludovic Besaury, Eileen Kröber, Anne-Marie Delort, Markus Greule, Katharina Lenhart, Thierry Nadalig, Stéphane Vuilleumier, Pierre Amato, Steffen Kolb, Françoise Bringel and Frank Keppler
      Chloromethane Degradation in Soils: A Combined Microbial and Two-Dimensional Stable Isotope Approach
      Core Ideas
      • Chloromethane biodegradation is affected by temperature and soil properties.
      • The stable carbon enrichment factor of CH3Cl strongly depends on CH3Cl consumption.
      • The overall bacterial community is unaffected by chloromethane degradation.
      • Unexpected bacterial taxa displayed increased abundance upon CH3Cl incubation.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0358
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:254-262
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
    • Jerry W. Martin, Philip A. Moore Jr., Hong Li, Amanda J. Ashworth and Dana M. Miles
      Effects of Land-Applied Ammonia Scrubber Solutions on Yield, Nitrogen Uptake, Soil Test Phosphorus, and Phosphorus Runoff
      Core Ideas
      • Most of the nitrogen excreted by broiler chickens is lost to the atmosphere.
      • The ARS Air Scrubber can use acid salts to scrub ammonia from poultry house exhaust.
      • Fertilizing with scrubber solutions resulted in higher yields than ammonium nitrate.
      • Alum-based scrubber solutions reduced phosphorus runoff.
      • Nitrogen captured using ammonia scrubbers is a viable fertilizer.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0383
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:263-269
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    • Morgan P. Davis, Tyler A. Groh, Timothy B. Parkin, Ryan J. Williams, Thomas M. Isenhart and Kirsten S. Hofmockel
      Portable Automation of Static Chamber Sample Collection for Quantifying Soil Gas Flux
      Core Ideas
      • FluxCASEs automate collection of gas samples from static chambers, reducing labor costs.
      • FluxCASEs maintain accuracy and precision observed under manual sampling.
      • Automated sample collection increases coverage of spatial variability in soils.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.10.0387
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:270-275
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  • GROUNDWATER QUALITY up

    • R. D. Lentz and G. A. Lehrsch
      Mineral Fertilizer and Manure Effects on Leached Inorganic Nitrogen, Nitrate Isotopic Composition, Phosphorus, and Dissolved Organic Carbon under Furrow Irrigation
      Core Ideas
      • Nutrient losses were more correlated with percolation water volume than nutrient concentration.
      • Adsorption, precipitation, and cycling of manure nutrients limit their losses below 1.2-m depth.
      • To limit nutrient losses in furrow irrigated soils, percolation water losses must be reduced.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0384
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:287-296
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
    • Joanne L. Vanderzalm, Declan W. Page, Peter J. Dillon, Karen E. Barry and Dennis Gonzalez
      Nutrient Removal during Stormwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in an Anoxic Carbonate Aquifer
      Core Ideas
      • Aquifer treatment capacity for C, N, and P was quantified in four long-term ASR sites.
      • Robust median TOC removal was 50 to 60% in an anoxic carbonate aquifer.
      • Median TN removal was at least 40% at three sites and inhibited by pH >8 at a fourth.
      • TP removal was 29 to 53%; however, sorption capacity may be limited.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2016.12.0486
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:276-286
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  • ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT up

    • Mehdi Zolfaghari, Oumar Dia, Nouha Klai, Patrick Drogui, Satinder Kaur Brar, Gerardo Buelna and Rino Dubé
      Removal of Pollutants in Different Landfill Leachate Treatment Processes on the Basis of Organic Matter Fractionation
      Core Ideas
      • Humic substances comprise half of the organic carbon in landfill leachate.
      • Given its size & interaction with sludge, fulvic acid is the most concerning type of carbon.
      • Organic carbon with size 0.5 to 10 kDa is rarely removed by biological treatment.
      • We study the fate of metal & hydrophobic emerging contaminants bound with humic substances.
      • Combination of biological treatment & nanofiltration is the most efficient treatment option.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0360
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:297-305
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  • PLANT AND ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION up

    • Meie Wang, Yang Yang and Weiping Chen
      Manganese, Zinc, and pH Affect Cadmium Accumulation in Rice Grain under Field Conditions in Southern China
      Core Ideas
      • Low soil Mn and low pH allowed for higher uptake of Cd under field conditions.
      • Surface spreading of lime does not increase soil pH and amorphous Mn efficiently.
      • Rice Cd in an acid paddy soil increased with an increase of Zn at sufficient levels.
      • The critical pH in paddy soil for rice Cd <0.2 mg kg−1 dry wt. was ∼5.7.
      • The critical Mn in acid soils for rice Cd <0.2 mg kg−1 dry wt. was ∼300 mg kg−1.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0237
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:306-311
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    • Longyong Lin, Lirong Zhong, Xiulan Yan and Yang Fei
      Reducing Arsenic Concentration in Panax notoginseng via Contaminant Immobilization in Soil Using Fe–Ce Oxide
      Core Ideas
      • Application of Fe–Ce oxide could guarantee Panax notoginseng growth and reduce its As uptake.
      • Fe–Ce oxide could immobilize more available As in soil to reduce the amount of plant-absorbable As.
      • Iron plaque on the root was an important barrier for As uptake by Panax notoginseng.
      • Durable effect of As immobilization by Fe–Ce oxide was better than previous reported amendments.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0297
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:312-317
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  • SURFACE WATER QUALITY up

    • Y. T. Wang, T. Q. Zhang, C. S. Tan, Z. M. Qi and T. Welacky
      Solid Cattle Manure Less Prone to Phosphorus Loss in Tile Drainage Water
      Core Ideas
      • Phosphorus-based addition of liquid and solid manure was evaluated on P loss.
      • Liquid manure increased dissolved P loss immediately after application.
      • Solid and liquid manures had long-term dissolved P loss similar to fertilizer P.
      • Solid manure reduced particulate P and total P loss over the long term.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0230
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:318-325
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  • TRACE ELEMENTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT up

    • Harry H. Schomberg, Dinku M. Endale, Michael B. Jenkins, Rufus L. Chaney and Dorcas H. Franklin
      Metals in Soil and Runoff from a Piedmont Hay Field Amended with Broiler Litter and Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum
      Core Ideas
      • After 3 yr, FGDG alone did not influence runoff concentrations or loads of As, Cu, and Zn.
      • With BL, the first 10 min runoff concentration and load of As, Cu, and Zn increased linearly with FGDG rate.
      • A similar response was not observed for composite samples collected over the full 1 h.
      • FGDG beneficial use does not present an environmental risk due to heavy metals or other constituents.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0353
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:326-335
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
  • WASTE MANAGEMENT up

    • Tucker R. Burch, Susan K. Spencer, Spencer S. Borchardt, Rebecca A. Larson and Mark A. Borchardt
      Fate of Manure-Borne Pathogens during Anaerobic Digestion and Solids Separation
      Core Ideas
      • Pathogen inactivation is highly variable among full-scale anaerobic digesters.
      • Pathogen inactivation by full-scale digesters on cattle farms needs optimization.
      • Most microbes end up in the liquid fraction during solids separation of manure.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0285
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:336-344
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
    • Lidong Huang, Junming Yang, Yuting Xu, Jiayan Lei, Xiaoshan Luo and Barbara J. Cade-Menun
      The Contrasting Effects of Alum-Treated Chicken Manures and KH 2 PO 4 on Phosphorus Behavior in Soils
      Core Ideas
      • Alum reduced WSP from soils amended with manure more effectively than KH2PO4.
      • Alum treatment increased P in the Al-P fraction only in soils with KH2PO4.
      • Alum could stabilize alum-organic P complexes in chicken manure to resist degradation.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0314
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:345-352
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    • Seok-Young Oh, Yong-Deuk Seo, Tae-Yong Jeong and Sang-Don Kim
      Sorption of Nitro Explosives to Polymer/Biomass-Derived Biochar
      Core Ideas
      • Polymer/rice straw-derived biochar enhances the sorption of TNT and RDX.
      • The effect of the pyrolysis temperature at elevated temperatures is not marked.
      • The sorption capacity is not enhanced by surface treatment with acid or an oxidant.
      • Possible polymer residues in the biochar are identified via GC-MS analysis.
      • TCLP and Microtox bioassay analyses show no harmful effects of the biochar.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0357
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:353-360
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
  • WETLANDS AND AQUATIC PROCESSES up

    • R. K. Bhomia and K. R. Reddy
      Influence of Vegetation on Long-term Phosphorus Sequestration in Subtropical Treatment Wetlands
      Core Ideas
      • Nutrient reduction in treatment wetlands is attained by biotic and abiotic processes.
      • Wetland vegetation communities play an important role in P removal pathways.
      • Recently accreted soil (RAS) serves as the primary sink for retained P.
      • Proportion of reactive P is higher in RAS than in underlying native soils.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0272
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:361-370
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  • TECHNICAL NOTES & PRELIMINARY COMMUNICATIONS up

    • Maarten Everaert, Rodrigo C. da Silva, Fien Degryse, Mike J. McLaughlin and Erik Smolders
      Limited Dissolved Phosphorus Runoff Losses from Layered Double Hydroxide and Struvite Fertilizers in a Rainfall Simulation Study
      Core Ideas
      • Granular struvite and LDH are known as slow-release fertilizers (SRFs).
      • For the first time, struvite and LDH were tested in a runoff experiment.
      • 42% of P in the MAP treatment was lost as DP due to runoff.
      • Struvite and LDH showed much lower loss (<3% of applied P) than MAP.
      • Applying SRFs can be considered in areas and times with a high risk of eutrophication.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0282
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:371-377
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    • Jessica Norby, Daniel Strawn and Erin Brooks
      Filter Membrane Effects on Water-Extractable Phosphorus Concentrations from Soil
      Core Ideas
      • Filter membrane type is rarely specified in method protocols for P analysis.
      • Many different types of filter membranes are available.
      • Results show that filter membrane type affects concentrations of P from soil extracts.
      • Membrane type should be specified in soil extraction protocols for P analysis.
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.10.0412
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:378-382
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      [ Supplement 1 ]
  • ALSO IN THIS ISSUE up


    • Thanks to Our 2017 Reviewers
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0001tr
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:388-394
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    • ACS324.1 JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY EDITORIAL BOARD 2017 Annual Reports
      doi:10.2134/jeq2017.01.0001ar
      Journal of Environmental Quality 2018 47:383-387
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