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This article in JPR

  1. Vol. 8 No. 2, p. 150-154
     
    Received: July 03, 2013
    Published: May 2, 2014


    * Corresponding author(s): pchen@uark.edu
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doi:10.3198/jpr2013.07.0037crc

Registration of ‘UA 5213C’ Soybean

  1. P. Chen *a,
  2. M. Orazalya,
  3. C. Wua,
  4. P. Manjarrez-Sandovala,
  5. J.C. Rupeb,
  6. D.G. Dombekc,
  7. T. Kirkpatrickb and
  8. R.T. Robbinsb
  1. a Dep. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
    b Dep. of Plant Pathology, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
    c Arkansas Crop Variety Improvement Program, Univ. of Arkansas, 1091 W. Cassatt St., Fayetteville, AR 72704

Abstract

‘UA 5213C’ soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (Reg. No. CV-514, PI 670461) was developed and released in 2013 by the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station as a high-yielding, conventional, early maturity group (MG) V cultivar. Our objective was to develop a well-adapted conventional cultivar for the southern United States that could reduce seed cost, control weeds, and capture production premium. UA 5213C was derived from an F4 single-plant selection from the cross of R98-1523 (‘A5403’ × ‘Hartz 5545’) × R93-171 (A5403 × ‘Hutcheson’). The breeding population was advanced from the F2 to the F4 generation using a modified single-pod descent method. An F4:5 line was selected and seed bulked for further agronomic evaluations. UA 5213C was tested in a total of 100 environments in Arkansas and other southern states for yield and other agronomic traits from 2006 to 2012. UA 5213C is well adapted to Arkansas and other southern U.S. states. Across all years and locations, UA 5213C yielded 95 kg ha−1 more than the average of the check cultivars. UA 5213C has a relative maturity of 5.2, determinate growth habit, purple flower color, gray pubescence, tan pod wall, and a mixture of buff and imperfect black hilum. It is resistant to southern stem canker [caused by Diaporthe phaseolorum (Cooke & Ellis) Sacc. var. meridionalis F.A. Fernandez] and soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) race 3, and susceptible to sudden death syndrome [caused by Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. f. sp. glycines]. UA 5213C will fulfill the demand for a high-yielding conventional early MG V cultivar in the mid-south region and will be targeted for the non–genetically modified soybean market with a potential production premium.

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