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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 20 No. 1, p. 101-105
    Received: Oct 14, 1954

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Some Soil Characteristics Which Affect Root Penetration and Timber Site Quality of Douglas Fir in Western Washington1

  1. F. E. Schlots,
  2. W. J. Lloyd and
  3. C. E. Deardorff2



This study was initiated to determine the relationships between soil properties and site quality for Douglas fir in Western Washington. The ultimate objective is to predict timber site quality and desirable management practices directly from soil survey maps.

Forest production measurements and soil profile descriptions were obtained concurrently on 203 sites representing 14 soil types. Profile properties of five soil types are discussed in detail to show by comparison their relationship to rate of tree growth. The highest timber site quality was produced on sites with deep, friable soils of moderate to high fertility level. Progressively lower timber site quality was reflected on sites with increasing strong profile development or degree of horizonation. There is a close relationship between timber site quality and soil depth over claypan, fragipan, and hardpan horizons. Soils having similar profiles, though developed from different parent materials, have similar site qualities.

The data collected provide a sound basis for assigning average site indices to the different soil types included in this study.

Factors of slope, aspect, position and land form are more important in woodland regeneration, management practices, and logging operations. Most important to productive site quality is the combination of properties which determine soil type.

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