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Abstract

 

This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 20 No. 2, p. 193-197
     
    Received: June 22, 1955
    Published: Apr, 1956


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1956.03615995002000020014x

Soil Oxygen Contents and Ion Uptake by Corn1

  1. R. E. Shapiro,
  2. George S. Taylor and
  3. G. W. Volk2

Abstract

Abstract

A method was developed to maintain the oxygen content of soil air in pots at different levels by means of a controlled diffusion technique.

The yield of plant tops and roots was reduced by low soil oxygen contents. Decreasing the soil oxygen contents also reduced the percentages of K, Mg, P, and N found in the plant tops, while the percentage values for these elements in the roots increased. These results indicated that low soil oxygen may affect the translocation of ions from the roots to the tops more than absorption of these elements from the soil.

Elements other than potassium, particularly phosphorus, were of importance in explaining reduced yields with low soil oxygen contents.

When gaseous diffusion between soil and the atmosphere was eliminated after a period of normal plant growth, the percentages of K and Ca in the tops were reduced while the percentages of these elements increased in the roots. Again, the data indicated a translocation effect resulting from poor aeration.

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