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Abstract

 

This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 22 No. 6, p. 527-528
     
    Received: Mar 6, 1958
    Accepted: Apr 8, 1958


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1958.03615995002200060014x

Role of the Root Nodule in the Bacterial-Induced Chlorosis of Soybeans1

  1. Herbert W. Johnson and
  2. Francis E. Clark2

Abstract

Abstract

Plant grafting experiments with chlorosis-susceptible and chlorosis-resistant varieties of soybean, observations on a difficultly-nodulating experimental line, and isolations of bacteria from chlorotic plants were made in order to characterize more fully the bacterial-induced chlorosis of soybeans. The plant grafts showed that an interaction between susceptible rootstocks and specific rhizobia was responsible for the onset of chlorosis. Top growth of chlorosis-susceptible varieties showed no chlorosis when grown on resistant rootstocks; in the reverse graft, chlorotic top growth was obtained. Observations on the difficultly-nodulating line showed that chlorosis developed only after root nodules were formed. No invasion of the aboveground parts of chlorotic plants by root-nodule bacteria could be demonstrated. It was concluded that when certain strains of rhizobia invade and nodulate chlorosis-susceptible varieties of soybean, some growth-damaging or chlorophyll-inhibiting factor is formed in nodular tissue.

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